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Hooliganism and Police Tactics: Should Tear Gas Make Crime Preventers Cry?

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  • Poutvaara, Panu

    ()
    (University of Munich)

  • Priks, Mikael

    ()
    (University of Munich)

Abstract

Hooliganism is on the rise and different countries use different strategies to combat it. We introduce a model where hooligans reap utility from violence and social identity and study the effects of different police strategies. We find that an increase in discriminative policing, provided by intelligence units, for example, always reduces violence. Under the right circumstances, it may also lead to larger supporter clubs and a significant drop in violence. Indiscriminate policing, such as the use of teargas or random jailing of potential law breakers, may, however, backfire and result in smaller and more brutal groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2812.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: May 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Public Economic Theory, 2009, 11 (3), 441-453
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2812

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Related research

Keywords: identity; hooliganism; violence; police;

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  1. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck74-1.
  2. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Konrad, Kai A. & Skaperdas, Stergios, 1997. "Credible threats in extortion," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 23-39, May.
  4. Steven D. Levitt & Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh, 2000. "An Economic Analysis Of A Drug-Selling Gang'S Finances," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(3), pages 755-789, August.
  5. George A. Akerlof & Rachel E. Kranton, 2000. "Economics And Identity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(3), pages 715-753, August.
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