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Shifting Perspectives in Pensions

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  • Góra, Marek

    ()
    (Warsaw School of Economics)

  • Palmer, Edward

    ()
    (Uppsala University)

Abstract

This paper addresses the questions of what is an economically efficient pension system, what are the externalities and what are the risks of the four alternative pension systems: financial defined contribution (FDC), notional or non-financial defined contribution (NDC), financial defined benefit (FDB) and non-financial defined benefit (NDB). A main contribution of the paper is the development of the concept of NDC, itself a new construction in pension economics. An important conclusion is that NDC is neutral in terms of externalities. It manages the risks and eliminates the negative externalities associated with traditional public NDB schemes, and in a manner similar to FDC schemes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1369.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1369

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Related research

Keywords: pensions; NDC; FDC; notional account systems; financial account systems; funding; externalities; risks; defined contribution; government debt;

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References

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  1. Chlon, Agnieszka & Gora, Marek & Rutkowski, Michal, 1999. "Shaping pension reform in Poland : security through diversity," Social Protection Discussion Papers 20852, The World Bank.
  2. Hassler, John & Lindbeck, Assar, 1997. "Optimal actuarial fairness in pension systems: A note," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 251-255, August.
  3. Edward Palmer, 2002. "Swedish Pension Reform: How Did It Evolve, and What Does It Mean for the Future?," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Pension Reform in Europe, pages 171-210 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
  5. Assar Lindbeck & Mats Persson, 2003. "The Gains from Pension Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(1), pages 74-112, March.
  6. Robert Holzmann, 1997. "Pension Reform, Financial Market Development, and Economic Growth: Preliminary Evidence from Chile," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(2), pages 149-178, June.
  7. Fox, Louise & Palmer, Edward, 1999. "Latvian pension reform," Social Protection Discussion Papers 20850, The World Bank.
  8. Robert Holzmann, 1996. "Pension Reform, Financial Market Development, and Economic Growth," IMF Working Papers 96/94, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Valdes-Prieto, Salvador, 2000. " The Financial Stability of Notional Account Pensions," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 102(3), pages 395-417, June.
  10. Daniele Franco, 2002. "Italy: A Never-Ending Pension Reform," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Pension Reform in Europe, pages 211-262 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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