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Comparing Students to Workers: The Effects of Social Framing on Behavior in Distribution Games

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Author Info

  • Carpenter, Jeffrey P.

    ()
    (Middlebury College)

  • Burks, Stephen V.

    ()
    (University of Minnesota, Morris)

  • Verhoogen, Eric

    ()
    (Columbia University)

Abstract

To investigate the external validity of Ultimatum and Dictator game behavior we conduct experiments in field settings with naturally occurring variation in "social framing." Our participants are students at Middlebury College, non-traditional students at Kansas City Kansas Community College (KCKCC), and employees at a Kansas City distribution center. Ultimatum game offers are ordered: KCKCC > employee > Middlebury. In the Dictator game employees are more generous than students in either location. This indicates that workers behaved distinctly from both student groups because their allocations do not decrease between games, an effect we attribute to the social framing of the workplace.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1341.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: J. Carpenter, G. Harrison, and J. List (eds.), Field Experiments in Economics (Research in Experimental Economics, 10), 2005, 261 - 289
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1341

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Related research

Keywords: fairness; reciprocity; field experiment; Ultimatum game; Dictator game;

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  1. Willinger, Marc & Ziegelmeyer, Anthony, 1999. "Framing and cooperation in public good games: an experiment with an interior solution," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 323-328, December.
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  13. Burks, Stephen V. & Carpenter, Jeffrey P. & Verhoogen, Eric, 2003. "Playing both roles in the trust game," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 195-216, June.
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