Motivation, Expectations and the Gender Pay Gap for UK Graduates
AbstractFocussing on recent UK graduates, a wage gap of 12% is found. The unexplained component of the gap is small and a large fraction of the gap can be explained by subject choice, job characteristics, motivation and expectation variables. Motivation and expectations account for 44% of the explained gap, thus most studies over-estimate the unexplained component of the gender wage gap. Following stereotypes, women tend to be more altruistic and less career oriented than men, character traits that are less rewarded by employers. The principal component of the gender wage gap is expectations about childrearing. These conservative attitudes affect women’s wages even at an early stage of their career. Without a change in attitude, the gender wage gap is likely to remain.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1101.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2007, 69 (6), 819-842
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Other versions of this item:
- Chevalier, Arnaud, 2003. "Motivation, expectations and the gender pay gap for UK graduates," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 42, Royal Economic Society.
- Arnaud Chevalier, 2004. "Motivation, Expectations and the Gender Pay Gap for UK Graduates," Working Papers 200403, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J29 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Other
- J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General
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