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Technologie- und Gründerzentren im Lichte von Diversifizierung versus Spezialisierung

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  • Michael Schwartz
  • Christoph Hornych

Abstract

In Germany, a growing tendency can be observed to focus business incubators (BIs) and technology centers and their respective support elements and processes as well as the selection criteria applied by the incubator management on firms from solely one sector or few but complementary sectors and their specific needs and requirements. These are called specialized business incubators (SBIs). Despite the increasing importance of specialization strategies of business incubators as local and regional policy instruments, there are no reliable empirical examinations of the specifics, and advantages in particular, of SBIs compared to more diversified BIs. On the basis of survey-data, that comprises responses from 161 actual firms incubated in 13 diversified BIs and 13 specialized BIs in Germany, this study investigates the mechanisms within the specific context of specialized BIs and their value-added contribution versus the more diversified incubation model. For the first time, this study provides large-scale empirical evidence concerning the effects of adopting a specialization strategy in the context of business incubation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Halle Institute for Economic Research in its series IWH Discussion Papers with number 7.

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Date of creation: Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:iwh:dispap:7-08

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Related research

Keywords: business incubators; science parks; specialization; diversification; location advantages; local technology policy;

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  1. Mian, Sarfraz A., 1996. "Assessing value-added contributions of university technology business incubators to tenant firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 325-335, May.
  2. David B. Audretsch & Max Keilbach, 2007. "The localisation of entrepreneurship capital: Evidence from Germany," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(3), pages 351-365, 08.
  3. Maximilian Zedtwitz & Rosa Grimaldi, 2006. "Are Service Profiles Incubator-Specific? Results from an Empirical Investigation in Italy," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 459-468, 07.
  4. Lois Peters & Mark Rice & Malavika Sundararajan, 2004. "The Role of Incubators in the Entrepreneurial Process," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 83-91, 01.
  5. Ann-Katrin Backlund & �ke Sandberg, 2002. "New Media Industry Development: Regions, Networks and Hierarchies - Some Policy Implications," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 87-91.
  6. Michael Schwartz, 2007. "Technologie- und Gründerzentren im Osten Deutschlands: Eine positive Zwischenbilanz," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research, vol. 13(12), pages 439-448.
  7. Phan, Phillip H. & Siegel, Donald S. & Wright, Mike, 2005. "Science parks and incubators: observations, synthesis and future research," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 165-182, March.
  8. Storper, Michael, 1989. "The Transition to Flexible Specialisation in the U.S. Film Industry: External Economies, the Division of Labour, and the Crossing of Industrial Divides," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(2), pages 273-305, June.
  9. I. Pena, 2004. "Business Incubation Centers and New Firm Growth in the Basque Country," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 22(3_4), pages 223-236, 04.
  10. Rhonda Phillips, 2002. "Note: Evaluating Community Economic Development Planning Programs with a Small Number of Participants: A Non-Parametric Approach," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 33(4), pages 497-512.
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