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Determinants of International Fragmentation of Production in the European Union

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  • Götz Zeddies

Abstract

The last decades were characterized by large increases in world trade, not only in absolute terms, but also in relation to world GDP. This was in large parts caused by increasing exchanges of parts and components between countries as a consequence of international fragmentation of production. Apparently, greater competition especially from the Newly Industrializing and Post-Communist Economies prompted firms in ‘high-wage’ countries to exploit international factor price differences in order to increase their international competitiveness. However, theory predicts that, beside factor price differences, vertical disintegration of production should be driven by a multitude of additional factors. Against this background, the present paper reveals empirical evidence on parts and components trade as an indicator for international fragmentation of production in the European Union. On the basis of a panel data approach, the main explanatory factors for international fragmentation of production are determined. The results show that, although their influence can not be neglected, factor price differences are only one out of many causes for shifting production to or sourcing components from foreign countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Halle Institute for Economic Research in its series IWH Discussion Papers with number 15.

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Date of creation: Dec 2007
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Handle: RePEc:iwh:dispap:15-07

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Keywords: economic integration; international fragmentation of production;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Anca M. Voicu & Martina Vidovic, 2012. "CEECS integration into regional production networks. Trade effects of EU-accesion," Working Papers 2012/04, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
  2. Laura Márquez-Ramos, 2013. "The effect of fragmentation on skill and industry wage premiums: Evidence from the European Union," Working Papers 2013/18, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
  3. Kemal Türkcan, 2011. "Vertical Intra-Industry Trade and Product Fragmentation in the Auto-Parts Industry," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 149-186, June.
  4. Leticia Blazquez & Carmen Díaz-Mora & Rosario Gandoy, 2011. "EU Integration and Production Networks: Evidende from Spain," ERSA conference papers ersa10p583, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Kemal Türkcan, 2009. "Vertical Intra-Industry Trade: An Empirical Examination of the Austria’s Auto-Parts Industry," FIW Working Paper series 030, FIW.
  6. Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Voicu, Anca M. & Vidovic, Martina, 2011. "CEECs integration into regional and global production networks," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 125, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  7. Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Voicu, Anca M. & Vidovic, Martina, 2011. "CEECs integration into regional and global production networks," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 125, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

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