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Determinants Of Population And Jobs At A Local Level: An Application For Catalan Municipalities

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  • Josep María Arauzo

    (Universitat Rovira i Virgili)

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    Abstract

    This paper explores the determinants of population and jobs. We consider that employment and population are simultaneously determined and assume that for population and employees, location determinants vary between professional groups rather than between sectors. We used two-stage least-squares (TSLS) to estimate residential and employment location and tested the model using recent data for municipalities in Catalonia (from 1991 to 1996). Our data base came mainly from the Catalan Statistical Institute (IDESCAT). Our results show that location patterns depend on professional groups of residents and employees. We also found that, although population and jobs are simultaneously determined, the location of population is more important for the location of jobs than vice versa. Este papel explora los determinantes de la localización de la población y de lospuestos de trabajo. Consideramos que la ocupación y la población estánsimultáneamente determinados y asumimos que para la población y los empleados, losdeterminantes de la localización varían más entre los grupos profesionales que entre lossectores de actividad. Utilizamos Mínimos Cuadrados en 2 Etapas (MC2E) para estimarla localización residencial y del empleo y contrastamos el modelo usando datosrecientes de municipios catalanes (del 1991 al 1996). Nuestra base de datos procedebásicamente del Institut d¿Estadística de Catalunya (IDESCAT).Nuestros resultados muestran que las pautas locacionales dependen de losgrupos profesionales de los residentes y los empleados. También encontramos que,aunque la población y los puestos de trabajo están simultáneamente determinados, lalocalización de la población es más importante para la localización de los puestos detrabajo que viceversa.

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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2002-25.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2002
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2002-25.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2002
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published by Ivie
    Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2002-25

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    Related research

    Keywords: localización industrial; localización residencial; ciudades; MC2E industrial location; residential location; cities; TSLS;

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    References

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    1. Steinnes, Donald N., 1978. "A Simultaneous Econometric Model of the Intra-urban Location of Employment and Residence," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 8(2).
    2. Mills, Edwin S. & Price, Richard, 1984. "Metropolitan suburbanization and central city problems," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 1-17, January.
    3. Steinnes, Donald N., 1977. "Causality and intraurban location," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 69-79, January.
    4. Edward L. Glaeser, Jed Kolko, and Albert Saiz, 2001. "Consumer city," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 27-50, January.
    5. J. M. Casado-Diaz, 2000. "Local Labour Market Areas in Spain: A Case Study," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(9), pages 843-856.
    6. Hamilton, Bruce W, 1989. "Wasteful Commuting Again," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1497-1504, December.
    7. Hamilton, Bruce W, 1982. "Wasteful Commuting," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 1035-51, October.
    8. Boarnet Marlon G., 1994. "The Monocentric Model and Employment Location," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 79-97, July.
    9. Deitz, Richard, 1998. "A Joint Model of Residential and Employment Location in Urban Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 197-215, September.
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