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- Human Capital In Oecd Countries: Technical Change, Efficency And Productivity

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Author Info

  • Joaquín Maudos Villarroya

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • José Manuel Pastor Monsálvez

    (Universitat de València)

  • Lorenzo Serrano Martínez

    (Universitat de València)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the role of human capital in the productivity gains of the countries of the OECD in the period 1965-90, breaking down the productivity gains into technicalchange and gains in efficiency. For this purpose we use both a stochastic frontier production function and a non-parametric approach and calculate Malmquist indices of productivity. Theresults obtained indicate the existence of both a level effect and a rate effect (a higher level of human capital affects positively the rate of technical progress) associated with human capital. Thedifferences among countries in endowments of human capital have worked against labour productivity convergence, since the richer countries, thanks to their greater endowment of human capital, have experienced higher rates of technical progress. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el papel del capital humano en las ganancias de productividad de los países de la OCDE en el periodo 1965-90, descomponiendo las ganancias de productividad en cambio técnico y ganancias de eficiencia. Para ello se estima tanto una función de producción frontera de carácter estocástica como una aproximación no paramétrica y se calculan índices de Malmquist de productividad. Los resultados obtenidos indican la existencia tanto de un efecto nivel como de un efecto tasa (un mayor nivel de capital humano afecta positivamente a la tasa de progreso técnico) asociada al capital humano. Las diferencias de dotaciones de capital humano entre países han actuado en contra de la convergencia en productividad del trabajo ya que los países más ricos, gracias a su mayor dotaciones de capital humano, han experimentado tasas mayores de progreso técnico.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-1998-19.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 1998-19.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Oct 1998
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1998-19

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Keywords: Cambio técnico; eficiencia; productividad. Technical change; efficiency and productivity;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Maria Jesus Delgado Rodriguez & Inmaculada Alvarez Ayuso, 2004. "Integration brings convergence? The role of public and human capital," ERSA conference papers ersa04p164, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Inmaculada C. Alvarez Ayuso & Osvaldo U. Becerril Torres & Laura E. del Moral Barrera, 2011. "The effect of infrastructures on total factor productivity and its determinants: a study on Mexico," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 26(1), pages 97-122.
  3. Osvaldo U. Becerril-Torres & Gabriela Rodríguez Licea & Javier Jesús Ramírez Hernández, 2011. "Technical efficiency of the agricultural sector in Mexico: An overview of data envelopment analysis," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 36(31), pages 85-110, January-j.
  4. Maria Jesus Delgado & Inmaculada Alvarez, 2003. "Productive Capital and Technical Efficiency in the UE-15," ERSA conference papers ersa03p43, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Aurora Amélia Castro Teixeira & Pedro Cosme Vieira, 2004. "Is Portuguese regional growth schumpeterian? An empirical assessment of the relation between schooling, firm destruction and firm productivity," ERSA conference papers ersa04p134, European Regional Science Association.

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