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Finnland auf dem Weg zur Wissensökonomie – Von Pfadabhängigkeit zu Pfadentwicklung [Finland’s Way Into the Knowledge-based Economy: From Path Dependency to Path Creation]

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  • Gerd Schienstock
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    Abstract

    The current techno-economic paradigm change represents a great challenge to evolutionary innovation research. Instead of concentrating on the aspect of path dependency, research needs to focus more on the process of path creation. This change in the research perspective is dealt with in the first part of the paper; a conceptual framework has been developed to analyse the process of path creation. The second part analyses the development of a new growth path in Finland. This small Nordic country managed to transform itself from a resource-based into a knowledge-based economy in a rather short period of time without any major cutbacks in the highly developed welfare state.

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    File URL: http://epub.oeaw.ac.at/ita/ita-manuscript/ita_04_01.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA) in its series ITA manu:scripts with number 04_01.

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    Date of creation: 12 Jan 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:ita:itaman:04_01

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    Keywords: Wissensgesellschaft; Innovationsforschung; technisch-ökonomisches Paradigma; Pfadabhängigkeit; Wettbewerbsfähigkeit; Finnland; Finland; competition; innovation research; knowledge society; path dependency;

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    1. Freeman, C., 1991. "Networks of innovators: A synthesis of research issues," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 499-514, October.
    2. Andrea Bassanini & Giovanni Dosi, 1999. "When and How Chance and Human Will Can Twist the Arms of Clio," LEM Papers Series 1999/05, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    3. Bengt-ake Lundvall & Bjorn Johnson, 1994. "The Learning Economy," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 23-42.
    4. Lemola, Tarmo, 2002. "Convergence of national science and technology policies: the case of Finland," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1481-1490, December.
    5. Jalava, Jukka & Pohjola, Matti, 2001. "Economic Growth in the New Economy. Evidence from Advanced Economies," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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