Unemployment, Credit Rationing, and Capital Accumulation: A Tale of Two Frictions
AbstractThis paper develops a model in which two information frictions are embedded into an otherwise conventional neoclassical growth model; an adverse selection problem in the labor market and a costly state verification problem in the credit market. The former allows equilibrium unemployment to arise endogenously while the latter is responsible for equilibrium credit rationing. This structure is used to investigate a theoretical link between the level of unemployment and the extent of credit rationing (and capital formation). The presence of the labor market friction is enough to generate scope for multiple steady state equilibria. The model also generates a large class of endogenous cyclical and chaotic dynamical equilibria. Development trap phenomena may also appear.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 5104.
Date of creation: 10 Apr 1998
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Economic Theory, October 1998, vol. 12 no. 3, pp. 489-517
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Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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unemployment; credit rationing; cycles; chaos;
Other versions of this item:
- Caroline Betts & Joydeep Bhattacharya, 1998. "Unemployment, credit rationing, and capital accumulation: a tale of two frictions," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 489-517.
- E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - General
- J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
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- Daitoh, Ichiroh, 2003. "Financial liberalization, urban unemployment and welfare: some implications of the artificial low interest rate and the high wage rate policies in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 163-179, October.
- AntÃƒÂ³nio Antunes & Tiago Cavalcanti & Anne Villamil, 2006.
"Computing General Equilibrium Models with Occupational Choice and Financial Frictions,"
Macroeconomics Working Papers
22560, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
- Antunes, António & Cavalcanti, Tiago & Villamil, Anne, 2008. "Computing general equilibrium models with occupational choice and financial frictions," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(7-8), pages 553-568, July.
- António R. Antunes & Tiago V. de V. Cavalcanti & Anne Villamil, 2006. "Computing General Equilibrium Models with Occupational Choice and Financial Frictions," Working Papers w200615, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
- António Antunes & Tiago Cavalcanti & Anne Villamil, 2006. "Computing General Equilibrium Models with Occupational Choice and Financial Frictions," SCAPE Policy Research Working Paper Series 0611, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics, SCAPE.
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