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Regional Welfare Program and Labor Force Participation

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  • Huffman, Sonya K.
  • Kilkenny, Maureen

Abstract

This paper investigates regional variations in household welfare program and labor force participation behavior in the United States. A choice-theoretic model is developed and estimated for each of the major census regions (Northeast, Midwest, South and West) using cross-section data on households, labor markets, and state policies. We show how the observable heterogeneity across U.S. census regions explains different welfare program participation and workforce outcomes. We find little evidence of differences in behavior with respect to welfare program policies across regions. This finding undermines some of the efficiency rationale for the devolution of authority over welfare programs to the states. We also find evidence that welfare program participation still reduces labor supply in some regions. That finding supports the incentive rationale for the imposition of work requirements.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 12589.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2007
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Publication status: Published in Papers in Regional Science, June 2007, vol. 86 no. 2
Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:12589

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Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
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Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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Cited by:
  1. Uwaifo Oyelere, Ruth & Oyolola, Maharouf, 2009. "Welfare Usage in the U.S.: Does Immigrant Birthplace and Immigration Status Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 4659, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis, 2011. "Welfare regimes and the incentives to work and get educated," CEPR Discussion Papers 8187, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere & Maharouf Oyolola, 2011. "Do Immigrant Groups Differ in Welfare Usage? Evidence from the U.S," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 39(3), pages 231-247, September.
  4. Gorton, Matthew & Sauer, Johannes & Supatpongkul, Pajaree, 2009. "Investigating Thai Shopping Behavior: Wet-Markets, Supermarkets and the ‘Big Middle’," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 50332, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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