Competition and Offshoring
AbstractI present a model of offshoring decisions with heterogeneous firms, random adjustment costs, and endogenous markups. The model shows an inverted-U relationship between firm-level productivity and the probability of offshoring; hence, the most productive firms are less likely to offshore than some lower-productivity firms. A tougher competitive environment has two opposing effects on firm-level offshoring likelihood: a Schumpeterian effect--accounting for the negative effect of competition on offshoring profits--and an escape-competition effect--accounting for the effect of competition on the incremental profits from offshoring. A productivity level separates non-offshoring firms according to the dominant effect, with the Schumpeterian effect dominating for the least productive firms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 111213.
Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Competition; Offshoring; Heterogeneous firms; Endogenous markups; Adjustment costs;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-07-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2012-07-08 (Business Economics)
- NEP-COM-2012-07-08 (Industrial Competition)
- NEP-INT-2012-07-08 (International Trade)
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