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Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990's

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  • Longford, Nicholas T.

    (De Montfort University, Leicester, UK)

  • Pittau, Maria Grazia

    (University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy)

Abstract

This paper explores the patterns of change in the annual household income in the countries of the European Community during the years 1994-1999. The income is modelled by mixtures of multivariate log-normal distributions, and the mixture components are interpreted as representing one subpopulation with steady increments and others with various levels of volatility. The method is extended to models for a combination of log-normal and categorical variables. An index of income stability is defined for the countries. Throughout, we emphasize graphical summaries of the results.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD in its series IRISS Working Paper Series with number 2003-08.

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Date of creation: Apr 2003
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Publication status: Published in Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 2006, vol. 51, pp.1364–83
Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2003-08

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Keywords: EM algorithm ; household income ; kernel estimation ; log-normal distribution ; mixture models;

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References

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  1. Emmanuel Flachaire & Olivier G. Núñez, 2003. "Estimation Of Income Distribution And Detection Of Subpopulations: An Explanatory Model," Statistics and Econometrics Working Papers ws030201, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Estadística y Econometría.
  2. Lillard, Lee A & Willis, Robert J, 1978. "Dynamic Aspects of Earning Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 985-1012, September.
  3. Shorrocks, Anthony, 1978. "Income inequality and income mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 376-393, December.
  4. Duncan, Greg J & Hill, Daniel H, 1989. "Assessing the Quality of Household Panel Data: The Case of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 7(4), pages 441-52, October.
  5. Quah, Danny, 1993. "Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 426-434, April.
  6. Chaudhuri, Shubham & Ravallion, Martin, 1994. "How well do static indicators identify the chronically poor?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 367-394, March.
  7. Maria Grazia Pittau, 2005. "Fitting Regional Income Distributions in the European Union," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 67(2), pages 135-161, 04.
  8. Franco Peracchi, 2002. "The European Community Household Panel: A review," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 63-90.
  9. Frank Cowell & Christian Schluter, 1998. "Measuring income mobility with dirty data," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2079, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  10. Burkhauser, Richard V, et al, 1999. "Testing the Significance of Income Distribution Changes over the 1980s Business Cycle: A Cross-National Comparison," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(3), pages 253-72, May-June.
  11. Shorrocks, A F, 1978. "The Measurement of Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 1013-24, September.
  12. Quah, Danny, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1586, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Longford, N.T. & Pittau, M.G., 2006. "Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990s," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 1364-1383, November.
  14. Bianchi, Marco, 1997. "Testing for Convergence: Evidence from Non-parametric Multimodality Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(4), pages 393-409, July-Aug..
  15. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Empirics for economic growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1353-1375, June.
  16. Paapaa, Richard & van Dijk, Herman K., 1998. "Distribution and mobility of wealth of nations," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(7), pages 1269-1293, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jitka Bartošová & Vladislav Bína, 2009. "Modelling of Income Distribution of Czech Households in The Years 1996-2005," Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2009(4), pages 3-18.
  2. Nicholas Longford & Pierpaolo D’Urso, 2012. "Mixtures of Autoregressions with an Improper Component for Panel Data," Journal of Classification, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 341-362, October.
  3. Borodkin, Fridrich & Bragin, Vladimir & Shpack, Maria, 2006. "Stability of Incomes Distribution in Modern Russia (1994–2004)," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 3(3), pages 17-67.
  4. Longford, N.T. & Pittau, M.G., 2006. "Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990s," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 1364-1383, November.
  5. Nicholas Longford, 2008. "Inference with the lognormal distribution," Economics Working Papers 1104, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

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