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Business Activity and Environmental Degradation in Mexico

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Author Info

  • Anissa Chaibi
  • Mohamed Arouri
  • Gazi Salah Uddin
  • Sanjib Chakraborty
  • Philippe Foulquier

Abstract

This paper contributes to the literature by investigating the relationships between business activity, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, energy consumption in a developing country by taking into consideration the effects of ongoing industrialization and financial development. To do this, we introduce an innovative empirical approach based on ARDL bounds testing in the presence of structural breaks and apply it to Mexico over the period 1971-2011. We show strong evidence of cointegration between these variables. More interestingly, we find that energy is the long-run forcing variable to explain the Mexican business activity growth. This implies that energy savings policy may result in decreasing the national income or employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Research, Ipag Business School in its series Working Papers with number 2013-033.

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Length: 12 pages
Date of creation: 15 Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2013-033

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Related research

Keywords: Business activity; Environment; ARDL cointegration;

References

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  1. Mehrara, Mohsen, 2007. "Energy consumption and economic growth: The case of oil exporting countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2939-2945, May.
  2. Halicioglu, Ferda, 2008. "An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey," MPRA Paper 11457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Zivot, Eric & Andrews, Donald W K, 2002. "Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 25-44, January.
  4. Sadorsky, Perry, 2012. "Energy consumption, output and trade in South America," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 476-488.
  5. Ghani, Gairuzazmi M., 2012. "Does trade liberalization effect energy consumption?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 285-290.
  6. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
  7. Soytas, Ugur & Sari, Ramazan & Ewing, Bradley T., 2007. "Energy consumption, income, and carbon emissions in the United States," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(3-4), pages 482-489, May.
  8. Tamazian, Artur & Chousa, Juan Piñeiro & Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2009. "Does higher economic and financial development lead to environmental degradation: Evidence from BRIC countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 246-253, January.
  9. Benjamin Cheng, 1997. "Energy consumption and economic growth in Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela: a time series analysis," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(11), pages 671-674.
  10. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
  11. Galindo, Luis Miguel, 2005. "Short- and long-run demand for energy in Mexico: a cointegration approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1179-1185, June.
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