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On existence, efficiency and bubbles of Ramsey equilibrium with borrowing constraints

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Author Info

  • Robert Becker
  • Stefano Bosi
  • Cuong Le Van
  • Thomas Seegmuller

Abstract

We address the fundamental issues of existence and efficiency of an equilibrium in a Ramsey model with many agents, where agents have heterogenous discounting, elastic labor supply and face borrowing con- straints. The existence of rational bubbles is also tackled. In the first part, we prove the equilibrium existence in a truncated bounded economy through a fixed-point argument by Gale and Mas-Colell (1975). This equi- librium is also an equilibrium of any unbounded economy with the same fundamentals. The proof of existence is eventually given for an infinite- horizon economy as a limit of a sequence of truncated economies. Our general approach is suitable for applications to other models with differ- ent market imperfections. In the second part, we show the impossibility of bubbles in a productive economy and we give sufficient conditions for equilibrium efficiency.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Research, Ipag Business School in its series Working Papers with number 2013-004.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 04 May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2013-004

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Keywords: Ramsey equilibrium; existence; efficiency; bubbles; hetero- geneous agents; endogenous labor supply; borrowing constraint.;

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References

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  1. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
  2. Timothy J. Kehoe & David K. Levine & Paul Romer, 1990. "Determinacy of Equilibrium in Dynamic Models with Finitely Many Consumers," Levine's Working Paper Archive 165, David K. Levine.
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  4. Timothy J. Kehoe & David K. Levine, 1982. "Comparitive Statics and Perfect Foresight in Infinite Horizon Economies," UCLA Economics Working Papers 259, UCLA Department of Economics.
  5. Jaume Ventura & Alberto Martin, 2010. "Economic Growth with Bubbles," Working Papers 445, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  6. Tirole, Jean, 1985. "Asset Bubbles and Overlapping Generations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(6), pages 1499-1528, November.
  7. Gale, D. & Mas-Colell, A., 1979. "Corrections to an equilibrium existence theorem for a general model without ordered preferences," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 297-298, December.
  8. Cuong Le Van & Manh Hung Nguyen & Yiannis Vailakis, 2005. "Equilibrium dynamics in an aggregative model of capital accumulation with heterogeneous agents and elastic labor," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques b05096, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
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  10. Becker, Robert A & Boyd, John H, III & Foias, Ciprian, 1991. "The Existence of Ramsey Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(2), pages 441-60, March.
  11. Robert A. Becker & Tapan Mitra, 2011. "Efficient Ramsey Equilbria," Caepr Working Papers 2011-009, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  12. Gerhard Sorger, 2008. "Strategic saving decisions in the infinite-horizon model," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 353-377, September.
  13. Manuel S. Santos & Michael Woodford, 1997. "Rational Asset Pricing Bubbles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(1), pages 19-58, January.
  14. Emmanuel Farhi & Jean Tirole, 2012. "Bubbly Liquidity," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 79(2), pages 678-706.
  15. Cass, David, 1972. "On capital overaccumulation in the aggregative, neoclassical model of economic growth: A complete characterization," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 200-223, April.
  16. LE VAN, Cuong & VAILAKIS, Yiannis, . "Existence of a competitive equilibrium in a one sector growth model with heterogeneous agents and irreversible investment," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1762, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  18. Tirole, Jean, 1982. "On the Possibility of Speculation under Rational Expectations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(5), pages 1163-81, September.
  19. Becker, Robert A & Foias, Ciprian, 1994. "The Local Bifurcation of Ramsey Equilibrium," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 4(5), pages 719-44, August.
  20. Coles, Jeffrey Link, 1985. "Equilibrium Turnpike Theory with Constant Returns to Scale and Possible Heterogeneous Discount Factors," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 26(3), pages 671-79, October.
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  23. Rader, Trout, 1981. "Utility over time: The homothetic case," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 219-236, October.
  24. Stefano Bosi & Thomas Seegmuller, 2007. "On the Ramsey equilibrium with heterogeneous consumers and endogenous labor supply," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne v07003a, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, revised Jul 2007.
  25. Monique Florenzano & Pascal Gourdel, 1996. "Incomplete Markets In Infinite Horizon: Debt Constraints Versus Node Prices," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 167-196.
  26. Robert A. Becker, 2012. "Optimal growth with heterogeneous agents and the twisted turnpike: An example," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 8(1), pages 27-47, 03.
  27. Sorger, Gerhard, 1994. "On the Structure of Ramsey Equilibrium: Cycles, Indeterminacy, and Sunspots," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 4(5), pages 745-64, August.
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  29. Robert Becker & Ram Sewak Dubey & Tapan Mitra, 2012. "On Ramsey Equilibrium: Capital Ownership Pattern and Inefficiency," Caepr Working Papers 2012-007, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  30. Mitra, Tapan, 1979. "On Optimal Economic Growth with Variable Discount Rates: Existence and Stability Results," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 20(1), pages 133-45, February.
  31. Becker, Robert A, 1980. "On the Long-Run Steady State in a Simple Dynamic Model of Equilibrium with Heterogeneous Households," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 95(2), pages 375-82, September.
  32. Coles, Jeffrey L., 1986. "Equilibrium turnpike theory with time-separable utility," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 367-394, September.
  33. Becker, Robert A. & Foias, Ciprian, 2007. "Strategic Ramsey equilibrium dynamics," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 318-346, April.
  34. Sarte, Pierre-Daniel G., 1997. "Progressive taxation and income inequality in dynamic competitive equilibrium," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 145-171, October.
  35. Sorger, Gerhard, 2002. "On the Long-Run Distribution of Capital in the Ramsey Model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 226-243, July.
  36. Bewley, Truman, 1982. "An integration of equilibrium theory and turnpike theory," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2-3), pages 233-267, September.
  37. Bergstrom, Theodore C., 1976. "How to discard `free disposability' - at no cost," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 131-134, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Robert Becker & Ram Sewak Dubey & Tapan Mitra, 2012. "On Ramsey Equilibrium: Capital Ownership Pattern and Inefficiency," Caepr Working Papers 2012-007, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  2. Ngoc-Sang Pham, 2013. "Collateral monetary equilibrium with liquidity constraints in an infinite horizon economy," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 13055, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  3. Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2013. "Public Spending as a Source of Endogenous Business Cycles in a Ramsey Model with Many Agents," Working Papers halshs-00796698, HAL.
  4. repec:ipg:wpaper:4 is not listed on IDEAS

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