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A Agropecuária na Região Centro- Oeste: Limitações ao Desenvolvimento e Desafios Futuros

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  • César Nunes de Castro
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    Abstract

    Entre as atividades econômicas na região Centro-Oeste, a agropecuária tem papel de destaque na economia regional, sendo o objetivo deste estudo avaliar a situação recente da agricultura regional com o intuito de identificar limitações e oportunidades ao seu desenvolvimento e debater propostas de políticas públicas que possam contribuir para a ampliação da produção regional. Uma região que aumentou sua participação no produto interno bruto (PIB) agropecuário nacional, de 7,4% em 1970 para 19,5% em 2009, demonstrou no passado recente que possui condições favoráveis à exploração agropecuária economicamente rentável. Vários fatores, entretanto, são frequentemente apontados como potenciais entraves ao desenvolvimento da agropecuária na região, entre eles, questões ambientais, deficiência logística, atraso tecnológico, falta de crédito e falta de assistência técnica. Para que essa competitividade continue, e possivelmente até aumente, diversos investimentos são necessários, principalmente na melhoria da infraestrutura de transporte para escoamento da produção até os centros consumidores. Among the economic activities in Brazil’s Midwest region, agriculture has an important role in the regional economy, with the aim of this study to evaluate the recent situation of regional agriculture in order to identify constraints and opportunities for development and discuss actions that may contribute to the expansion of regional production. A region that increased its participation in national agricultural GDP, from 7.4% in 1970 to 19.5% in 2009, demonstrated in the recent past that it has favorable conditions for agricultural economically profitable exploitation. Several factors, however, are often mentioned as potential barriers to the development of agriculture in the region, including environmental issues, disability logistics, technological backwardness, lack of credit, lack of technical assistance, among others. For this competitiviness to continue and possibly even increase, many investments are needed, especially in improving the transportation infrastructure for transport of produce to consumer centers.

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    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1923.

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    Length: 46 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1923

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