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Conduta da Guerra na Era Digital e Suas Implicações Para o Brasil: Uma Análise de Conceitos, Políticas e Práticas de Defesa

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  • Érico Esteves Duarte
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    Abstract

    Este texto busca contribuir para o debate público sobre a defesa no Brasil, ao oferecer um panorama das tendências contemporâneas de digitalização das ações militares, avaliando os impactos provocados nas formas de organização das Forças Armadas de relevantes potências militares e suas implicações para o país. Verificam-se alternativas e propõe-se um arcabouço conceitual sobre a digitalização, mais amplamente, sobre a relação entre tecnologia e guerra, tendo por base a teoria da guerra de Clausewitz. Apresentam-se conclusões sobre as práticas e políticas de defesa de Estados Unidos, Rússia, China e Israel com relação à digitalização na guerra e, de maneira mais detalhada, suas diretrizes para veículos aéreos não tripulados (VANT), armamentos de energia direta e mísseis guiados empregados em defesa costeira. Por fim, o estudo confronta estes entendimentos com uma formulação do cenário estratégico brasileiro delimitado pela possibilidade de guerras limitadas e ainda com suas práticas e políticas recentes, relacionadas àquelas mesmas áreas da digitalização na guerra, o que culmina em recomendações à política de defesa brasileira. Palavras-chave: Política de Defesa, Tecnologia Militar, Digitalização da Guerra, Revolução nos Assuntos Militares, Guerras de Quarta Geração, Estudos Estratégicos. This report aims to foster the Brazilian public debate on national defense by introducing a study on the impacts of digitalization of warfare in the organization of relevant national armed forces and their implication on Brazil. First, it assesses conceptual backgrounds on military technology and points out in favor of Clausewitz`s theory of war. Second, it distinguishes practices and policies on digitalization of war by the United States, Russia, China and Israel, especially in regard of unmanned aerial system (UAS), direct energy weapons (DEW) and guided missiles for coastal defense. Third, it contrasts these overall previous findings with Brazilian strategic context of limited wars and its practices and policies on national defense. Finally, this study closes with some recommendations. Key-words: Defense Policy; Military Technology; Digitalization of Warfare; Revolution in Military Affairs; Fourth Generation Warfare; Strategic Studies.

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    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1760.

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    Length: 98 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1760

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