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A Hora e a Vez do Desenvolvimento Regional Brasileiro: Uma Proposta de Longo Prazo

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  • Liana Carleial
  • Bruno Cruz
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    Abstract

    O artigo defende o argumento de que o atual momento da economia e da sociedade brasileiras é propício para o estabelecimento de uma estratégia de desenvolvimento regional. O Brasil tem 60 anos de políticas de desenvolvimento regional, mas não obteve o êxito necessário para reduzir, de forma significativa, as desigualdades regionais. Considerando que há um conjunto de investimentos em infraestrutura e em setores estratégicos da indústria fora do eixo Rio-São Paulo, a complementação desses investimentos poderá conduzir a um adensamento das estruturas produtivas das regiões mais empobrecidas. A base desse argumento é oriunda do pensamento de Celso Furtado, para quem o subdesenvolvimento é uma produção do próprio desenvolvimento do capital, em certas circunstâncias, e apresenta como características centrais a heterogeneidade estrutural, a ausência de um núcleo inovador, como os países desenvolvidos tiveram, e uma incapacidade de diversificação produtiva cuja razão maior é a histórica vulnerabilidade externa. A natureza do subdesenvolvimento tem implicações significativas para a constituição dos mercados de trabalho e, ainda, condiciona um padrão desigual de distribuição de renda. As "boas novas" do cenário brasileiro podem permitir a reversão desse quadro. Palavras-chave: Dinâmica regional, políticas de desenvolvimento regional, desenvolvimento econômico. The actual momentum of the Brazilian Economy opens an opportunity to the country to discuss a strategy for regional development. Despite 60 years of regional development policies, regional disparities remain almost unchanged. Giving the boom of investment outside the main agglomeration in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, indentify complementarities and linkages among this new investment decision, which can lead the less developed region to diversify economy and increase local aggregation of value. Inspired by the work of Celso Furtado, for whom the heterogeneous nature of the economic structure and the lack of diversification in these economies are the source for external vulnerability, this paper presents some ideas and suggestion for a long run strategy of regional development policy. This new scenario of the Brazilian economy may allow the reversion of the situation. Keywords: Regional dynamics, regional development policies, economic development.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1729.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1729

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