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Índice de Vulnerabilidade das Famílias: Atualização ( 2003 - 2009 ) e Recortes Geográficos

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  • Bernardo Alves Furtado

Abstract

Este estudo descreve e atualiza, com dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra Domiciliar (PNAD) de 2003 e 2009, o índice de vulnerabilidade multidimensional das famílias, de acordo com a metodologia proposta por Barros, Carvalho e Franco (2006). Nesse sentido, interpreta e detalha os critérios e procedimentos metodológicos propostos e os aplica aos 83 recortes geográficos permitidos pelo desenho amostral dos dados disponíveis. A análise realizada indica que a vulnerabilidade como um todo se concentra fortemente nas áreas rurais, em Alagoas, Maranhão e Piauí e interiores do Ceará e de Pernambuco. Além disso, a região Norte apresenta menor evolução dos indicadores no período, enquanto o Nordeste mantém, de longe, os maiores valores em termos absolutos. Ainda assim, há diferenças importantes quanto às dimensões de vulnerabilidade nas unidades da Federação (UFs), quanto à qualidade de vida nas sedes metropolitanas e suas periferias, e quanto ao aspecto da heterogeneidade das famílias em cada uma das unidades da Federação. This paper uses data from PNAD to detail the construction and analyze a multidimensional index of families` vulnerabilities within a spectrum of dimensions. In order to do so, this text interprets and adapts the methodology put forward by Barros, Carvalho and Franco (2006) and applies it to 83 possible spatial units according to the sample design allowed by the available data. The results indicate that the vulnerability of the families in Brazil is largely concentrated in rural areas, as well as in the states of Alagoas, Maranhão and Piauí and the countryside of the states of Ceará and Pernambuco. Besides that, the results show that there are relevant differences within the dimensions and the states studied; in relation to the quality of life inside and outside the metropolises and; there is considerable heterogeneity within the families in each state of Brazil.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1699.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1699

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