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Distribuição de Renda, Transferências Federais e Imigração: Um Estudo de Dados em Painel para as Unidades da Federação do Brasil

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  • Adolfo Sachsida
  • Marcelo Abi-Ramia Caetano
  • Pedro Albuquerque
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    Abstract

    Este trabalho verifica a influência da distribuição de renda e das transferências federais para as Unidades da Federação (UFs) sobre o fluxo de migrantes recebido por UF. O estudo inova ao adotar dados agregados para mensurar o efeito de políticas públicas sobre a imigração. Os resultados econométricos sugerem um efeito positivo das transferências federais para as UFs sobre a imigração, mostrando que o incremento de tais transferências estimula o fluxo imigratório para determinadas UFs. Há também evidências de que uma alta concentração de renda desestimula a imigração. A segunda inovação deste estudo consiste na separação geográfica dos fatores determinantes dos fluxos imigratórios. This article verifies the impact of both federal transfers to states and income inequality over imigration. The innovation here is the use of aggregate data to verify the impact of public policy over migration. The econometric results suggest a positive effect of federal transfers to states over imigration. That is, an increase in the cash transferences from Federal government to states increases migration to those states. Besides that, we found that high income inequality in a state decreases migration to that state. Moreover, the results vary according to the group division of Brazilian states, indicating a scale effect.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1471.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1471

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    1. André Braz Golgher & Carlos Henrique Rosa & Ari Francisco de Araújo Junior, 2005. "The determinants of migration in Brazil," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td268, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    2. André Braz Golgher & Carlos Henrique Rosa & Ari Francisco de Araújo Junior, 2005. "The Determinants Of Migration In Brazil," Anais do XXXIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 33th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 148, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. André Braz Golgher, 2004. "Fundamentos da migração," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td231, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    4. Adolfo Sachsida & Paulo Furtado de Castro & Mario Jorge Cardoso de Mendonça & Pedro H. Albuquerque, 2009. "Perfil do Migrante Brasileiro," Discussion Papers 1410, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
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