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Determinantes da Expansão do Emprego Formal: O que Explica o Aumento do Tamanho Médio dos Estabelecimentos?

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  • Carlos Henrique L. Corseuil
  • Rodrigo L. Moura
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    Abstract

    Este trabalho tem o intuito de contribuir para a investigação dos determinantes da aceleração no crescimento do emprego formal na última década. As evidências apresentadas apontam que a aceleração se deve a uma reversão na tendência do número médio de empregados por estabelecimento, em contraponto a uma tendência de crescimento constante no número de estabelecimentos. Investigações mais detalhadas mostram evidências de que este resultado não é derivado de mudanças na composição setorial que favoreça setores com maiores escalas de operação, nem de um aprofundamento do processo de seleção que penaliza os pequenos estabelecimentos. Os dados apontam que a seleção teria contribuído para uma diminuição do tamanho médio, mas este efeito foi contrabalançado por um nível de emprego maior nas firmas mais novas. TThe main goal of this paper is to analyze the increase of Brazilian formal employment growth rate in the last decade. The evidence suggests that this acceleration is due to a reversal in the trend of the average number of employees per establishment. More detailed investigations show evidence that this result is not derived from changes in industry composition that favors sectors with larger scales of operation, or a deepening of the process of selection, which penalizes the smaller establishments. As a matter of fact the selection component would have contributed to a decrease in the average firm size, but this effect was counterbalanced by a higher initial employment level in the most recent firms cohort.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1450.

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    Length: 28 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1450

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    1. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
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