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Capital Estrangeiro e Diferenciais de Gênero nas Promoções: Evidências da Indústria de Transformação Brasileira

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  • Danilo Coelho
  • Marcelo Fernandes e Miguel N. Foguel

Abstract

Este texto examina se existe um efeito de teto de vidro na ascensão profissional das mulheres nas grandes empresas da indústria de transformação do Brasil. Em particular, verifica-se se o gênero importa no tempo necessário para se obter uma promoção para uma posição gerencial. Embora utilizem-se modelos paramétricos de tempo de falha acelerado na análise preliminar, os principais resultados do estudo dependem das estimativas de ranking parcial de um modelo semiparamétrico de duração que permite à censura ser dependente de covariadas. Verificou-se que, embora haja diferenciais de gênero nas promoções dentro das empresas nacionais, o mesmo não se aplica às empresas sob controle estrangeiro. Prestou-se também atenção a duas outras dimensões do progresso na carreira, a saber, crescimento salarial e probabilidade de promoção. Observou-se que os ganhos salariais após a promoção não contribuem para gerar diferencial de salário entre homens e mulheres nas empresas nacionais ou estrangeiras, apesar de as mulheres possuírem uma menor probabilidade de obterem uma promoção nas empresas nacionais e, em menor medida, nas empresas estrangeiras.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1447.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1447

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