Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Aplicação de Funções de Distância para o Cálculo de Índices de Bem-Estar e a Evolução do Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) para os Estados Brasileiros

Contents:

Author Info

  • Marcus Vinícius Magalhães de Lima
  • Rogério Boueri
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Embora haja uma aceitação sobre a natureza multidimensional do bem-estar, não existe uma definição inequívoca do termo. A perspectiva utilitarista prioriza a do processo de acumulação e restringe a relação entre bem-estar e os aspectos qualitativos da população – normalmente restritos ao representativo da renda. Já na perspectiva de oportunidades, é priorizada a noção de liberdades substantivas dos indivíduos e o bem-estar baseia-se nas possibilidades de escolha individual. Em que pese a pluralidade de interpretações que pode emergir dos diferentes conceitos, o Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) apresenta-se como medida síntese. Não obstante a sua conveniência, a utilização do IDH como medida de referência apresenta três restrições metodológicas importantes: a necessidade de normalização dos indicadores para a comparação de informações com natureza distinta; a arbitrariedade na escolha do sistema de agregação de índices individuais; e a dificuldade de avaliação intertemporal das observações. Este estudo aplicou funções de distância por meio do modelo de análise envoltória de dados (DEA), pois esta metodologia permite enfrentar as restrições citadas. Os resultados corroboram um conjunto de observações esperado pela análise das variáveis – em particular, da concentração dos estados de maior obtenção de bem-estar entre as regiões Sul, Sudeste e Centro-Oeste e de maiores índices de evolução para os estados das regiões Norte e Nordeste. Although it has an acceptance on the multidimensional nature of well-being, an unequivocal definition of the term does not exist. By the one hand utilitarian perspective prioritizes of the accumulation process and restricts the relation between well-being and the qualitative aspects of the population (normally restricted to income). By the other hand, in the perspective of opportunities, the notion of substantive freedoms of the individuals is prioritized and well-being is based on the possibilities of individual choice. In spite of the plurality of interpretations that can emerge from the different concepts, the IDH is presented as measured synthesis. Nonetheless, the use of the IDH as measured of reference presents three important methodological restrictions: the necessity of normalization of the indexes for the comparison of information with distinct nature; the arbitrary nature of the choice of the system of aggregation of individual indexes; and the difficulty of intertemporal evaluation of the observations. This study applied distance functions through data envelopment analysis (DEA), since this methodology allows to face the cited restrictions. The results obtained point to a concentration of well-being between the regions South, Southeastern and Center-West and faster indices of evolution for the states of the regions North and Northeast.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/TDs/td_1401.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1401.

    as in new window
    Length: 74 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1401

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90
    Phone: +55(061)315-5000
    Fax: +55(61)321-1597
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.ipea.gov.br
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1401. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.