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Avaliação da Eficiência Técnica dos Países nos Jogos Olímpicos de Pequim – 2008

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  • Alexandre Marinho
  • Simone de Souza Cardoso
  • Vivian Vicente de Almeida
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    Abstract

    No presente estudo, avaliamos o desempenho dos países ganhadores de medalhas nas Olimpíadas de Pequim – 2008. Em vez de expressar o desempenho apenas em termos de medalhas conquistadas, a eficiência relativa dos países será avaliada por meio da utilização da metodologia conhecida como Análise Envoltória de Dados – Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Assim, será estimada uma fronteira de eficiência para o conjunto dos países, cotejando os resultados obtidos com os recursos disponíveis em cada país. Os resultados (outputs) serão diferentes combinações das medalhas conquistadas – ouro, prata e bronze – e os recursos (inputs) serão o PIB US$ PPP; a população de cada país; e a esperança de vida ao nascer. We rank the participant nations in the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games according to their technical efficiency. Usually they are ranked in accordance with the number of medals they have won and no resources available are considered. In order to evaluate the relative performance of the countries, we used an output oriented version of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). We consider three inputs (GDP, population and life expectancy at birth) and different combinations of three outputs (number of gold, silver and bronze medals won).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1394.

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    Length: 43 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1394

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    1. Per Andersen & Niels Christian Petersen, 1993. "A Procedure for Ranking Efficient Units in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 39(10), pages 1261-1264, October.
    2. Lins, Marcos P. Estellita & Gomes, Eliane G. & Soares de Mello, Joao Carlos C. B. & Soares de Mello, Adelino Jose R., 2003. "Olympic ranking based on a zero sum gains DEA model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 148(2), pages 312-322, July.
    3. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    4. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
    5. Banker, Rajiv D., 1984. "Estimating most productive scale size using data envelopment analysis," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 35-44, July.
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