Determinantes Imediatos da Queda da Desigualdade de Renda Brasileira
AbstractBetween 2001 e 2005, the degree of income inequality in Brazil declined sharply and continuously, reaching in 2005 the lowest level in the last 30 years. The Gini coefficient declined by almost 5%, and the ratio between the richest 20% and the poorest 20% declined more than 20%. This reduction on income inequality contributed to substantially reduce poverty and to improve the life?s conditions of the poorest, even in a period of relative per capita income stagnation. In spite of this decline, the degree of inequality in the country is steel extremely high. Therefore, it is essential that steps which are favorable to inequality reduction may be continued. In this way, it is essential to investigate the determinants of this recent decline in order to formulate more effective policies and interventions. In this paper, based on a series of counter factual simulations, we identify and quantify the contribution of proximately determinants responsible for this recent decline on inequality in Brazil. Between the findings we must highlight that around 50% of the decline on inequality resulted from the evolution of non labor income, although it represents less than 1/4 of the total income. Changes in the labor income explain around 1/3 of the observed decline on inequality, although it represents more than 3/4 of the total income. Finally, the reduction on the degree of association of these two sources of income also has an important role in the inequality decline.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1253.
Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90
Web page: http://www.ipea.gov.br
More information through EDIRC
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.