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The Timing of Redistribution

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  • Juergen Jung

    ()
    (Indiana University Bloomington)

Abstract

We investigate whether late redistribution programs that can be targeted towards low income families can “dominate” early redistribution programs that cannot be targeted due to information constraints. We use simple two- period OLG models with heterogenous agents under six policy regimes: A model calibrated to the U.S. economy (benchmark), two early redistribution (lump sum) regimes, two (targeted) late redistribution regimes, and finally a model without taxes and redistribution. Redistribution programs are financed by a labor tax on the young and a capital tax on the old generation. We argue that late redistribution, if the programs are small in size, can dominate early redistribution in terms of welfare but not in terms of real output. Better targeting of low income households cannot offset savings distortions. In addition we find that optimal tax policy includes a positive capital tax rate.

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Paper provided by Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington in its series Caepr Working Papers with number 2008-015.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:inu:caeprp:2008-015

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Keywords: Taxation Timing; Transfer Timing; Redistribution; Capital Accumulation; Optimal Taxation; Capital Taxation;

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