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Changement technologique et formation tout au long de la vie

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  • Luc Behaghel

    ()
    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

Abstract

On utilise le lien empirique entre changement organisationnel ou technologique et accès à la formation continue selon l'âge. L'objectif est de tester l'hypothèse selon laquelle les seniors souffriraient d'un désavantage comparatif pour la formation continue qui se manifesterait particulièrement lors de changements de l'entreprise qui requièrent un investissement accru dans la formation. Les resultats sont contrastées. Le changement organisationnel va de pair avec des formations plus fréquentes pour les salariés de tous âges. Cette hausse de la formation semple plus accusée en milieu rural et, pour les salariés de plus de 50 ans, parmi les femmes. En revanche, les ouvriers et les employés de plus de 50 ans sont moins formés à l'informatique lorsque leur entreprise est plus informatisée, ce qui contraste fortement avec le surcroît de formation reçu par leurs collègues moins âgés.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France in its series Working Papers with number 18585.

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Length: 1351-1382
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Revue Economique
Handle: RePEc:inr:wpaper:18585

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Keywords: INFORMATIQUE; femme; homme; organisation du travail; entreprise; milieu rural; milieu urbain; changement technologique; employésalarie; âge du travailleur; formation continue; âge; ouvrier;

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References

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  1. Leora Friedberg, 2003. "The impact of technological change on older workers: Evidence from data on computer use," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(3), pages 511-529, April.
  2. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
  3. Glenn MacDonald & Michael S. Weisbach, 2004. "The Economics of Has-beens," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(S1), pages S289-S310, February.
  4. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Erik Brynjolfsson & Lorin M. Hitt, 2002. "Information Technology, Workplace Organization, And The Demand For Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(1), pages 339-376, February.
  5. Borghans,Lex & Weel,Bas,ter, 2002. "Do Older Workers Have More Trouble Using a Computer Than Younger Workers?," ROA Research Memorandum 003, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  6. Luc Behaghel & Nathalie Greenan, 2005. "Training and Age-Biased Technical Change : Evidence from French Micro Data," Working Papers 2005-06, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  7. Van Reenen, John & Caroli, Eve, 2001. "Skill-Biased Organizational Change? Evidence from a panel of British and French establishments," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10093, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Philippe Zamora, 2006. "Changements organisationnels, technologiques et recours à la formation dans les entreprises industrielles," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1235-1257.
  9. Nathalie Greenan, 1996. "Innovation technologique, changements organisationnels et évolution des compétences," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 298(1), pages 15-33.
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Cited by:
  1. Nathalie Greenan & Mathieu NARCY & Stéphane Robin, 2013. "Changements dans les entreprises et accès des seniors à la formation continue : une comparaison entre les années 1990 et 2000," Working Papers halshs-00965730, HAL.
  2. Sandrine Levasseur, 2008. "Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors," Sciences Po publications 2008-16, Sciences Po.
  3. Philippe Zamora, 2006. "Changements organisationnels, technologiques et recours à la formation dans les entreprises industrielles," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1235-1257.
  4. Sandrine Levasseur, 2008. "Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2008-16, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  5. Sévane Ananian & Patrick Aubert, 2007. "Older Workers, New Technology and Organisational Change Further Evidence Using the Reponse Survey," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 397, pages 21-49, February.
  6. Luc Behaghel, 2007. "Emploi de seniors : des effets du changement technologique aux recommandations [Commentaire]," Working Papers 14208, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.

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