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Equilibrium wage dispersion with worker and employer heterogeneity

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Author Info

  • Postel-Vinay

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

  • Robin

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

Abstract

Les auteurs présentent un modèle de recherche d'équilibre s'appuyant sur la recherche d'emploi et montrent l'hétérogénéité des entreprises en terme de productivité marginale du travail et l'hétérogénéité des employés en terme de compétences. Les entreprises proposent des salaires à prendre ou à laisser en fonction de leurs caractéristiques et elles peuvent réagir aux offres d'emplois extérieurs faites à leurs employés. Le modèle structurel est défini à partir des données patronales et salariales françaises combinées. Les données liées à l'exogénéité de la distribution des salariés et des sociétés sont estimées de manière non paramétrique. Cette estimation structurale fournit une décomposition de la variance des salaires inter-employés. Il apparaît que la part de la variance du salaire expliquée par les caractéristiques individuelles des employés varie à l'intérieur des groupes de compétences. Plus précisément, cette part se situe à 40% pour les "cols blancs" hautement qualifiés, et décroît rapidement à 0% tandis que le niveau de compétence observé décroît. La contribution des imperfections du marché à la dispersion des salaires s'élève à 50%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France in its series Working Papers with number 155908.

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Length: 2295-2350
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Econometrica
Handle: RePEc:inr:wpaper:155908

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Web page: http://www.international.inra.fr
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Related research

Keywords: Environnement; espace et société; franceemploi; entreprise; marché de l'emploi; salairemodèle économétrique; gestion des ressources humaines;

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References

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  1. Acemoglu, Daron & Shimer, Robert, 1997. "Efficient Wage Dispersion," CEPR Discussion Papers 1572, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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