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The dynamics of local employment in France

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  • Pierre-Philippe Combes

    (EXT)

  • Thierry Magnac

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

  • Jean-Marc Robin

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

Abstract

L'article étudie l'impact de la structure économique locale sur la croissance locale de l'emploi. Cette croissance de l'emploi est décomposée en croissance interne (la croissance de la taille des établissements) et croissance externe (la création de nouveaux établissements). Les auteurs estiment de manière simultanée la dynamique de ces deux variables en utilisant des données de panel. Leurs observations sont annuelles et portent sur 36 secteurs et 341 zones entre 1984 et 1993. Pour modéliser la dynamique de court terme, ils montrent qu'il est très important de bien contrôler la présence d'effets fixes et l'endogenéité. Leur modèle préféré a une dynamique courte (ARMA (1,1)) et les externalités contemporaines dominent les externalités dynamiques. De plus, alors que les effets fixes expliquent la plus grande part de la variation spatiale des tailles d'établissement, la création d'emploi est principalement déterminée par la structure économique locale contemporaine. Les politiques ciblées sur la création de nouveaux établissements devraient être plus efficaces. Par exemple, les zones de grande taille, dotées d'un petit nombre de secteurs de taille égale, devant des établissements plus petits, expérimentent une croissance plus forte de l'emploi.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France in its series Working Papers with number 155391.

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Length: 217-243
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Journal of Urban Economics
Handle: RePEc:inr:wpaper:155391

Note: Egalement paru dans : Document de travail du CREST ; 2003-15
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Web page: http://www.international.inra.fr
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Keywords: Environnement; espace et société; franceemploi; marché de l'emploicroissance économiquestructure économiquemodèle dynamique;

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References

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  1. Abowd, John M & Card, David, 1989. "On the Covariance Structure of Earnings and Hours Changes," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 57(2), pages 411-45, March.
  2. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Overman, Henry G., 2004. "The spatial distribution of economic activities in the European Union," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 64, pages 2845-2909 Elsevier.
  3. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John & Schuh, Scott, 1996. " Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 297-315, August.
  4. Gilles Duranton & Diego Puga, 2000. "Nursery Cities: Urban diversity, process innovation, and the life-cycle of products," Working Papers dpuga-00-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  5. Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  6. Vernon Henderson & Duncan Black, 1999. "Spatial Evolution of Population and Industry in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 321-327, May.
  7. J. Vernon Henderson & Ari Kuncoro & Matthew Turner, 1992. "Industrial Development in Cities," NBER Working Papers 4178, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Ziliak, James P, 1997. "Efficient Estimation with Panel Data When Instruments Are Predetermined: An Empirical Comparison of Moment-Condition Estimators," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(4), pages 419-31, October.
  9. Altonji, Joseph G & Segal, Lewis M, 1996. "Small-Sample Bias in GMM Estimation of Covariance Structures," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 14(3), pages 353-66, July.
  10. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  11. Henderson, Vernon, 1997. "Externalities and Industrial Development," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 449-470, November.
  12. Fujita, Masahisa & Mori, Tomoya & Henderson, J. Vernon & Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 2004. "Spatial distribution of economic activities in Japan and China," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 65, pages 2911-2977 Elsevier.
  13. Encaoua, David & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1980. "Degree of Monopoly, Indices of Concentration and Threat of Entry," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 21(1), pages 87-105, February.
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