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Educational Thresholds and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Brazilian States

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  • Tulio A. Cravo

    ()
    (Loughborough University)

  • Elias Soukiazis

    ()
    (University of Coimbra)

Abstract

This paper examines the convergence process in Brazil over the period of 1985-2004, giving a special attention to the role of human capital as a conditioning factor to convergence. It examines how different levels of human capital influence growth in different regions of Brazil. Different measures of human capital are used in the growth regressions and the results show that they play a significant role in explaining the growth process. The evidence indicates that different levels of human capital have different impacts on the per capita income growth, depending on the level of development of the states. Lower levels of human capital explain better the convergence among the less developed states and higher levels of human capital are more adequate among the more developed states. The impact of the relative intermediate levels of human capital on growth is stronger in all samples, suggesting the existence of threshold effect in education.

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File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Network for Economic Research - INFER in its series Working Papers with number 2009.1.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:inf:wpaper:2009.1

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Keywords: conditional convergence; human capital thresholds; panel data;

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  1. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2002. "15 Years of New Growth Economics: What Have We Learnt?," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 172, Central Bank of Chile.
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  5. Sala-i-martin, X., 1995. "The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis," Papers 734, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
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  8. Lau, Lawrence J. & Jamison, Dean T. & Liu, Shu-Cheng & Rivkin, Steven, 1993. "Education and economic growth Some cross-sectional evidence from Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 45-70, June.
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  11. Temple, Jonathan R. W., 2001. "Generalizations that aren't? Evidence on education and growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 905-918, May.
  12. Afonso Ferreira, 2000. "Convergence in Brazil: recent trends and long-run prospects," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 479-489.
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  15. Elias Soukiazis & T�lio Cravo, 2008. "Human Capital and the Convergence Process Among Countries," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 124-142, 02.
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