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Collective action for forest conservation: Does heterogeneity matter?


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  • E. Somanathan

    (Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi)

  • R. Prabhakar

    (Strand Genomics)

  • B.S. Mehta

    (Foundation for Ecological Security)


Community management of forests by Van Panchayats (forest councils) to meet local needs has a long history in the Indian Central Himalayas. This essay examines the effects of village-level heterogeneity in caste and land ownership, and of female membership in the Panchayats on collective action for forest conservation. There is no evidence that caste heterogeneity or female membership of the Panchayat have any effect. There is some evidence that greater equality in land ownership may enhance collective action and forest conservation in pine forests but not broadleaved forests. This is puzzling since villagers' interest in conservation is greater in broadleaved than in pine forests.

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Paper provided by Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India in its series Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers with number 02-01.

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Length: 14 pages
Date of creation: May 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ind:isipdp:02-01

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  1. Alberto Alesina & Reza Baqir & William Easterly, 1999. "Public Goods And Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1243-1284, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Bhim Adhikari, 2007. "Property Rights and Natural Resources: Socio-Economic Heterogeneity and Distributional Implications of Common Property Resource Management," Working Papers id:840, eSocialSciences.
  2. repec:snd:wpaper:65 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. repec:snd:wpaper:66 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Bhim Adhikari & Jon Lovett, 2006. "Institutions and collective action: Does heterogeneity matter in community-based resource management?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(3), pages 426-445.
  5. Rucha Ghate Much experimental research has been conducted in laboratory settings on human behavior related to public goods, common-pool resources, and other social dilemmas. These studies have shown t, . "Indigenous Communities, Cooperation, and Communication: Taking Experiments to the Field," Working papers 64, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
  6. repec:snd:wpaper:59 is not listed on IDEAS


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