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How have hired workers fared? A case study of women workers from an Indian village, 1977 to 1999


Author Info

  • V.K. Ramachandran

    (Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta)

  • Madhura Swaminathan

    (Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta)

  • Vikas Rawal

    (Centre for Development Studies)


This paper examines certain aspects of employment among women workers in hired labour households, drawing on two surveys of Gokilapuram, a village in south-west Tamil Nadu, India, conducted in 1977 and 1999. The study finds that, first, work participation rates among women were high. Secondly, a woman was able to gain employment in 1999, on average, for only about six months a year. Thirdly, there was a distinct shift between 1977 and 1999 in the composition of total employment available to women Fourthly, while the real wage rate for women at cash-paid, daily-rated crop operations rose significantly between 1977 and 1999, the gender gap in wages widened.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India in its series Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers with number 323.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ind:cdswpp:323

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Related research

Keywords: women; agriculture; wages; work participation rate; Asia; India;

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  1. Jayraman, Raji & Lanjouw, Peter, 1998. "The evolution of poverty and inequality in Indian villages," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1870, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Kundu, Amit, 2013. "Effective public policy which can reduce gender discrimination in the agricultural labour market: A theoretical investigation," MPRA Paper 52852, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Oct 2013.


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