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The Structural Budget Balance

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  • Robert P. Hagemann
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    Abstract

    This paper describes the methodology used by the IMF staff to calculate the structural budget balance, estimates of which are published regularly in the IMF’s World Economic Outlook. The structural budget balance is the government’s actual fiscal position purged of the estimated budgetary consequences of the business cycle, and is designed in part to provide an indication of the medium-term orientation of fiscal policy. Interpretation of the structural budget balance requires caution in several respects, however, some of which are reviewed in the paper. The paper then considers briefly the potential usefulness of the structural budget balance as a tool for enforcement--under the Stability and Growth Pact--of the European Economic and Monetary Union reference value on the deficit specified in the Maastricht Treaty.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 99/95.

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    Length: 14
    Date of creation: 01 Jul 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:99/95

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    Cited by:
    1. Nigel Andrew Chalk, 2002. "Structural Balances and All That," IMF Working Papers 02/101, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Jeromin Zettelmeyer & Ivanna Vladkova Hollar, 2008. "Fiscal Positions in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 08/137, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Juan Carlos Chávez Martín del Campo & Ricardo Rodríguez Vargas & Felipe de Jesús Fonseca Hernández, 2010. "Vacas gordas y vacas flacas: La Política Fiscal y el Balance Estructural en México, 1990-2009," Department of Economics and Finance Working Papers EC201004, Universidad de Guanajuato, Department of Economics and Finance.
    4. World Bank & Inter-American Development Bank, 2003. "Restoring Fiscal Discipline for Poverty Reduction in Peru : A Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15118, October.
    5. Mario Marcel C. & Marcelo Tokman R. & Rodrigo Valdés P. & Paula Benavides S., 2001. "Structural budget balance: the pilar of the new chilean fiscal policy rule," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 4(3), pages 15-27, December.
    6. Hernán Rincón & Jenny Berthel & Miguel Gómez, . "Balance Fiscal Estructural y Cíclico del Gobierno Nacional Central de Colombia, 1980-2002," Borradores de Economia 246, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Marcel, Mario, 2001. "Balance Estructural del Gobierno Central. Metodología y Estimaciones para Chile
      [Structural Bazlance of Central Government. Methodology and estimates for Chile]
      ," MPRA Paper 43338, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Zaki, Mokhlis Y., 2001. "IMF-Supported Stabilization Programs and their Critics: Evidence from the Recent Experience of Egypt," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1867-1883, November.
    9. Benz, Ulrich & Hagist, Christian, 2008. "Technischer Anhang zu "Konjunktur und Generationenbilanz: Eine Analyse anhand des HP-Filters"," FZG Discussion Papers 23, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG), University of Freiburg.
    10. Ortiz, Alberto & Pablo, Ottonello & Sturzenegger, Federico & Talvi, Ernesto, 2007. "Monetary and Fiscal Policies in a Sudden Stop: Is Tighter Brighter?," Working Paper Series rwp07-057, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
    11. Mark Weisbrot & Juan Antonio Montecino, 2010. "Alternatives to Fiscal Austerity in Spain," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2010-18, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).

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