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Economic Determinants of Fund Financial Arrangements

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  • Julio A. Santaella
  • Malcolm D. Knight
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    Abstract

    This paper analyses empirically the economic factors that lead to approval of Fund financial arrangements. We account for both the economic variables that induce a country to seek an arrangement with the Fund ("demand-side" factors) and the macroeconomic policy commitments that the Fund considers when deciding whether to approve it ("supply-side" factors). Using a pooled sample of annual observations for 91 developing countries over 1973-1991, we obtain maximum likelihood estimates of bivariate and univariate probit equations to determine the probability of approval of a financial arrangement for a given country in a given year. A number of our chosen demand-side and supply-side variables are statistically significant determinants of the approval of a Fund arrangement, and the overall explanatory power of the equations is high.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 94/36.

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    Length: 48
    Date of creation: 01 Mar 1994
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:94/36

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    Cited by:
    1. Dicks-Mireaux, Louis & Mecagni, Mauro & Schadler, Susan, 2000. "Evaluating the effect of IMF lending to low-income countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 495-526, April.
    2. Bird, Graham, 1997. "External financing and balance of payments adjustment in developing countries: Getting a better policy mix," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1409-1420, September.
    3. Bird, Graham, 1996. "Borrowing from the IMF: The policy implications of recent empirical research," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(11), pages 1753-1760, November.

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