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Inclusive Growth and the Incidence of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius

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  • Antonio David
  • Martin Petri

Abstract

Using data from three household surveys, we review whether growth in Mauritius was inclusive and discuss the incidence of public expenditures and taxes. Generally, Mauritius enjoys an even income distribution and low rates of poverty. Nevertheless, over the 2000s, despite overall progress, the benefits of growth appear to have become more skewed. Employment income is the main contributor to inequality in Mauritius. Social protection expenditures reduce poverty and inequality, but could be better targeted, particularly for pensions. Income taxes are progressive, though given their small relative weight they have a negligible impact on income distribution. The VAT appears relatively progressive compared to other developing countries, although its impact on the overall distribution is also small. With better targeting of the sizable social spending, significant further progress in poverty alleviation could be achieved.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 13/116.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 17 May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:13/116

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Keywords: Economic growth; Mauritius; Fiscal policy; Government expenditures; Tax revenues; Tax structures; Income distribution; Income taxes; consumption expenditure; capital expenditures; total expenditures; social protection expenditures; gini; redistributive impact; consumption growth; expenditure per capita; gini coefficient; expenditures on health; education expenditures; household consumption expenditure; expenditure policy; labor market; public expenditures on education; wealth distribution; expenditure incidence; primary education expenditures; unequal distribution; relative poverty; public spending; inequality measures; expenditure survey; expenditure information; social spending;

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References

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  1. Frankel, Jeffrey, 2010. "Mauritius: African Success Story," Working Paper Series, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government rwp10-036, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  2. David E. Sahn & Stephen D. Younger, 2000. "Expenditure incidence in Africa: microeconomic evidence," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(3), pages 329-347, September.
  3. Chu, K.-y. & Davoodi, H. & Gupta, S., 2000. "Income Distribution and Tax, and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries," Research Paper, World Institute for Development Economics Research 214, World Institute for Development Economics Research.
  4. Chris Papageorgiou & Subir Lall & Florence Jaumotte, 2008. "Rising Income Inequality," IMF Working Papers 08/185, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Richard M. Bird, 2006. "Is VAT the Best Way to Impose a General Consumption Tax in Developing Countries?," International Tax Program Papers, International Tax Program, Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto 0602, International Tax Program, Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.
  6. Subramanian, Arvind, 2009. "The Mauritian Success Story and its Lessons," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  7. Rodrigo Cubero & Ivanna Vladkova Hollar, 2010. "Equity and Fiscal Policy," IMF Working Papers 10/112, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Marito Garcia & Charity M. T. Moore, 2012. "The Cash Dividend : The Rise of Cash Transfer Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2246, August.
  9. Joao Pedro Azevedo & Minh Cong Nguyen & Viviane Sanfelice, 2012. "ADECOMP: Stata module to estimate Shapley Decomposition by Components of a Welfare Measure," Statistical Software Components S457562, Boston College Department of Economics.
  10. Azevedo, Joao Pedro & Inchauste, Gabriela & Olivieri, Sergio & Saavedra, Jaime & Winkler, Hernan, 2013. "Is labor income responsible for poverty reduction ? a decomposition approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6414, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Alexei Kireyev, 2013. "Inclusive Growth and Inequality in Senegal," IMF Working Papers 13/215, International Monetary Fund.

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