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The Inflation-Unemployment Trade-off at Low Inflation

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  • Luca Antonio Ricci
  • Pierpaolo Benigno

Abstract

Wage setters take into account the future consequences of their current wage choices in the presence of downward nominal wage rigidities. Several interesting implications arise. First, a closed-form solution for a long-run Phillips curve relates average unemployment to average wage inflation; the curve is virtually vertical for high inflation rates but becomes flatter as inflation declines. Second, macroeconomic volatility shifts the Phillips curve outward, implying that stabilization policies can play an important role in shaping the trade-off. Third, nominal wages tend to be endogenously rigid also upward, at low inflation. Fourth, when inflation decreases, volatility of unemployment increases whereas the volatility of inflation decreases: this implies a long-run trade-off also between the volatility of unemployment and that of wage inflation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 09/34.

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Length: 46
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:09/34

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Keywords: Unemployment; Wage policy; Price adjustments; Economic models;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. KIM, Jinill & RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco J., 2009. "Monetary Policy When Wages Are Downwardly Rigid : Friedman Meets Tobin," Cahiers de recherche 15-2009, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  2. KIM, Jinill & RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco J., 2007. "How Much Inflation is Necessary to Grease the Wheels?," Cahiers de recherche 11-2007, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  3. Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Patrizio Tirelli & Nicola Acocella, 2010. "Trend inflation, endogenous mark-ups and the non-vertical Phillips curve," Working Papers 186, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised May 2010.
  4. Pierpaolo Benigno & Luca Antonio Ricci, 2010. "The Inflation-Output Trade-off with Downward Wage Rigidities," NBER Working Papers 15762, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. repec:rdg:emxxdp:em-dp2008-71 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Tirelli Patrizio & Acocella Nicola, 2011. "Inflation targets and endogenous wage markups in a New Keynesian model," wp.comunite 0079, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
  7. Juan David Prada Sarmiento & Luis Eduardo Rojas Dueñas Author- Email: lrojasdu@banrep.gov.co, . "La elasticidad de Frisch y la transmisión de la política monetaria en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 555, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  8. Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Tirelli Patrizio & Acocella Nicola, 2011. "Trend inflation, the labor market wedge, and the non-vertical Phillips curve," wp.comunite 0081, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
  9. Fagan, Gabriel & Messina, Julián, 2009. "Downward wage rigidity and optimal steady-state inflation," Working Paper Series 1048, European Central Bank.

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