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On the Sources of Oil Price Fluctuations

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  • Deren Unalmis
  • Ibrahim Unalmis
  • D. Filiz Unsal

Abstract

Analyzing macroeconomic impacts of oil price changes requires first to investigate different sources of these changes and their distinct effects. Kilian (2009) analyzes the effects of an oil supply shock, an aggregate demand shock, and a precautionary oil demand shock. The paper''s aim is to model macroeconomic consequences of these shocks within a new Keynesian DSGE framework. It models a small open economy and the rest of the world together to discover both accompanying effects of oil price changes and their international transmission mechanisms. Our results indicate that different sources of oil price fluctuations bring remarkably diverse outcomes for both economies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 09/285.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:09/285

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Related research

Keywords: Oil prices; Oil production; Demand; Supply; External shocks; Price increases; Fiscal policy; Monetary policy; Inflation targeting; Productivity; Economic models; oil supply; oil demand; oil market; aggregate demand; market equilibrium; open economy; oil price fluctuations; higher oil prices; oil price changes; oil shock; elasticity of substitution; import demand; output growth; oil reserves; closed economy; world economy; oil shocks; political economy; world output; domestic goods; open economies; imported goods; oil-producing countries; nominal interest rate; trade channels; domestic prices; global shocks; crude oil; production level; import prices; crude oil market; imperfect competition; domestic economy; global markets; economic studies; opec countries; terms of trade; closed economies; world oil prices; economic perspectives;

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References

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  1. Bodenstein, Martin & Erceg, Christopher J. & Guerrieri, Luca, 2008. "Optimal monetary policy with distinct core and headline inflation rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(Supplemen), pages S18-S33, October.
  2. Deren Unalmis & Ibrahim Unalmis & Derya Filiz Unsal, 2008. "Oil Price Shocks, Macroeconomics Stability and Welfare in a Small Open Economy," Discussion Papers 08/13, Department of Economics, University of York.
  3. Jordi Galí & J. David López-Salido & Javier Vallés, 2005. "Understanding the Effects of Government Spending on Consumption," NBER Working Papers 11578, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Julio J. Rotemberg & Michael Woodford, 1996. "Imperfect Competition and the Effects of Energy Price Increases on Economic Activity," NBER Working Papers 5634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Kilian, Lutz, 2005. "Exogenous Oil Supply Shocks: How Big Are They and How Much do they Matter for the US Economy?," CEPR Discussion Papers 5131, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Olivier J. Blanchard & Jordi Galí, 2007. "The macroeconomic effects of oil price shocks: Why are the 2000s so different from the 1970s?," Economics Working Papers 1045, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Oct 2008.
  7. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler & Mark Watson, 1997. "Systematic Monetary Policy and the Effects of Oil Price Shocks," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(1), pages 91-157.
  8. Robert B. Barsky & Lutz Kilian, 2004. "Oil and the Macroeconomy Since the 1970s," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 115-134, Fall.
  9. Hooker, Mark A., 1996. "What happened to the oil price-macroeconomy relationship?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 195-213, October.
  10. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J & Kydland, Finn E, 1992. "International Real Business Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 745-75, August.
  11. Hamilton, James D, 1983. "Oil and the Macroeconomy since World War II," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(2), pages 228-48, April.
  12. Sylvain Leduc & Keith Sill, 2001. "A quantitative analysis of oil-price shocks, systematic monetary policy, and economic downturns," Working Papers 01-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  13. Hooker, Mark A., 1996. "This is what happened to the oil price-macroeconomy relationship: Reply," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 221-222, October.
  14. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  15. Alessia Campolmi, 2008. "Oil price shocks: Demand vs Supply in a two-country model," MNB Working Papers 2008/5, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary).
  16. Hamilton, James D., 1996. "This is what happened to the oil price-macroeconomy relationship," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 215-220, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Vipin Arora & Pedro Gomis-Porqueras, 2011. "A Repayment Model of House Prices Oil Price Dynamics in a Real Business Cycle Model," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 11-11, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  2. Deren Unalmis & Ibrahim Unalmis & D. Filiz Unsal, 2012. "On the Sources and Consequences of Oil Price Shocks," IMF Working Papers 12/270, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Volker Clausen & Hans-Werner Wohltmann, 2013. "Oil Price Dynamics and Monetary Policy in a Heterogeneous Monetary Union," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 233(2), pages 159-187, March.
  4. Deren Unalmis & Ibrahim Unalmis & Derya Filiz Unsal, 2012. "On Oil Price Shocks: The Role of Storage," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 60(4), pages 505-532, December.
  5. Joseph D. Alba & Wai-Mun Chia & Zheng Su, 2013. "Oil shocks and monetary policy rules in emerging economies," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(35), pages 4971-4984, December.

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