Today Versus tomorrow
AbstractThis paper applies the Permanent Income Model to the non-oil current accounts of the major oil exporters to assess the extent to which national consumption decisions in these countries are made on the basis of permanent versus current income. A test of whether the return on oil wealth and oil balance coefficients sum to unity is accepted for all specifications that adjust the return on wealth for future population changes. For oil-exporting countries outside Africa, around half of the fluctuations in the private sector non-oil balance are driven by considerations of changes in permanent income (the return on oil wealth) rather than current income. By contrast, for the public sector and African countries permanent income has little or no effect.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 09/248.
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2009
Date of revision:
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2009-11-27 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2009-11-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2009-11-27 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-ENE-2009-11-27 (Energy Economics)
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