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Real and Financial Sector Linkages in China and India

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  • Jahangir Aziz
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    Abstract

    In the spirit of what is known as business cycle accounting, this paper finds that the investment wedge-the gap between household''s rate of intertemporal substitution and the marginal product of capital-is large and quantitatively significant in explaining China''s and India''s growth. Specific financial sector policies are shown to map well the size and changes in the investment wedge. In the case of China, nonperforming loans, borrowing constraints, and uncertainty over changes in government guidance in bank lending, have implied large transfers from households to firms that have kept capital cost low and encouraged investment. In the case of India, post-1992 financial sector reforms, particularly the reduction in the funds preempted by the government from the banking system, has played an important role in reducing the cost of capital. Simulations show that for rebalancing growth in China and sustaining high investment rate in India, further financial sector reforms could turn out to be key.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 08/95.

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    Length: 36
    Date of creation: 01 Apr 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:08/95

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    Related research

    Keywords: Financial sector; Economic growth; Private investment; Banking systems; cost of capital; gnp; capital income; growth rate; growth model; capital stock; growth accounting; working capital; capital market; business cycle; national income; capital formation; neoclassical growth model; gdp growth rate; private consumption; capital markets; gdp growth; capital needs; business cycles; growth rate of output; stock exchanges; current account deficit; futures trading; stock market; total factor productivity; capital market reforms; capital accumulation; stable macroeconomic policies; hedging; growth rates;

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    Cited by:
    1. Arnab Bhattacharjee & Jie Han, 2010. "Financial Distress in Chinese Industry: Microeconomic, Macroeconomic and Institutional Influences," CRIEFF Discussion Papers 1001, Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm.
    2. Daya Shanker & IKM Mokhtarul Wadud & Harminder Singh, 2008. "A Comparative Study of Banking in China and India, Nonperforming Loans and the Level Playing Field," Economics Series 2008_25, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
    3. Yuanyan Sophia Zhang, 2011. "Credit Market Imperfection and Sectoral Asymmetry of Chinese Business Cycle," IMF Working Papers 11/118, International Monetary Fund.

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