Education and Health in G7 Countries: Achieving Better Outcomes with Less Spending
AbstractEnhancing the efficiency of education and health spending is a key policy challenge in G7 countries. The paper assesses this efficiency and seeks to establish a link between differences in efficiency across countries and policy and institutional factors. The findings suggest that reforms aimed at increasing efficiency need to take into account the nature and causes of inefficiencies. Inefficiencies in G7 countries mostly reflect lack of cost effectiveness in acquiring real resources, such as teachers and pharmaceuticals. We also find that high wage spending is associated with lower efficiency. In addition, lowering student-teacher ratios is associated with reduced efficiency in the education sector, while immunizations and doctors' consultations coincide with higher efficiency in the health sector. Greater autonomy for schools seems to raise efficiency in secondary education.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 07/263.
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-01-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2008-01-05 (Education)
- NEP-EEC-2008-01-05 (European Economics)
- NEP-HEA-2008-01-05 (Health Economics)
- NEP-HRM-2008-01-05 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2008-01-05 (Labour Economics)
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- Ana Pocas & Elias Soukiazis, 2011.
"Health Status Determinants in the OECD Countries. A Panel Data Approach with Endogenous Regressors,"
ERSA conference papers
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- Victoria Gunnarsson & Etibar Jafarov, 2008. "Government Spending on Health Care and Education in Croatia: Efficiency and Reform Options," IMF Working Papers 08/136, International Monetary Fund.
- Francesco Grigoli & Eduardo Ley, 2012. "Quality of Government and Living Standards: Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending," IMF Working Papers 12/182, International Monetary Fund.
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