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Safta

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  • Jose Daniel Rodríguez-Delgado

Abstract

The paper evaluates the South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) within the global structure of overlapping regional trade agreements (RTAs) using a modified gravity equation. First, it examines the effects of the Trade Liberalization Program which started in 2006. SAFTA would have a minor effect on regional trade flows and the impact on custom duties would be a manageable fiscal shock for most members. Second, the paper ranks the trade effects of other potential RTAs for individual South Asian countries and SAFTA: RTAs with North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (EU) dominate one with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 07/23.

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Length: 25
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:07/23

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Keywords: Asia; Economic models; trade barriers; trade flows; trade agreements; trade liberalization; customs revenue; regional trade; trade facilitation; free trade; tariff reduction; average tariff; rules of origin; average tariffs; regional trade agreements; bilateral trade; preferential trade; trade agreement; trading arrangements; trade creation; trade facilitation measures; tariff reductions; trade effects; free trade agreement; economic integration; international trade; free trade agreements; trade diversion; preferential trade agreements; tariff liberalization; tariff barriers; elasticity of substitution; trade relations; member country; restrictive rules of origin; preferential trading; trade policies; free trade area; elimination of tariffs; tariff rates; trading partners; import transactions; tariff equivalent; tariff levels; world economy; trade preferences; trade area; facilitation measures; equilibrium model; trade volumes; multilateral trade; trading system; trade pattern; average tariff rate; trade volume; liberalization efforts; dispute settlement; fiscal shock; trade models; customs procedures; trading arrangement; preferential treatment; imperfect substitutability; multilateral trade liberalization; tariff rate; country of origin; preferential basis; partner country; international trade agreements; most-favored-nation; mfn tariffs; tariff changes; world trading system; nontariff barriers; multilateral efforts; trade data; preferential tariff; increasing trade; bilateral flows; trade imbalances; most-favored-nation tariffs; price of imports; trade arrangements; economic community; unilateral liberalization; high trade barriers; bilateral trade flows; increased trade; tariff change; external most-favored-nation tariffs; world markets; exchange rate risk; trade structure; preferential trade arrangements; trade patterns; trade integration; trade in services; technical changes; negotiation process; trade flow; liberal rules; preferential trade liberalization; terms of trade; reduction in tariffs; net trade creation; dispute settlement mechanism; regional integration; preferential tariffs;

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References

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  1. John Gilbert & Robert Scollay & Bijit Bora, 2011. "Assessing Regional Trading Arrangements in the Asia-Pacific," Working Papers 200101, Utah State University, Department of Economics and Finance.
  2. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," NBER Working Papers 10480, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Arvind Panagariya, 2003. "South Asia: Does Preferential Trade Liberalization Make Sense?," International Trade, EconWPA 0309011, EconWPA.
  4. Scott L. Baier & Jeffrey H. Bergstrand, 2005. "Do free trade agreements actually increase members’ international trade?," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 2005-03, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  5. Robert C. Feenstra & James R. Markusen & Andrew K. Rose, 2001. "Using the gravity equation to differentiate among alternative theories of trade," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(2), pages 430-447, May.
  6. Bhagwati, Jagdish & Panagariya, Arvind, 1996. "The Theory of Preferential Trade Agreements: Historical Evolution and Current Trends," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 82-87, May.
  7. International Monetary Fund, 2006. "Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System," IMF Economic Issues 37, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Thomas Hertel & David Hummels & Maros Ivanic & Roman Keeney, 2004. "How Confident Can We Be in CGE-Based Assessments of Free Trade Agreements?," NBER Working Papers 10477, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan, 2005. "Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region," IMF Working Papers 05/149, International Monetary Fund.
  10. Baysan, Tercan & Panagariya, Arvind & Pitigala, Nihal, 2006. "Preferential trading in South Asia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3813, The World Bank.
  11. Hélène Poirson, 2006. "The Tax System in India," IMF Working Papers 06/93, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Bruce A. Blonigen & Wesley W. Wilson, 1999. "Explaining Armington: What Determines Substitutability Between Home and Foreign Goods?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 1-21, February.
  13. Michael Keen & Thomas Baunsgaard, 2005. "Tax Revenue and (or?) Trade Liberalization," IMF Working Papers 05/112, International Monetary Fund.
  14. Carrere, Celine, 2006. "Revisiting the effects of regional trade agreements on trade flows with proper specification of the gravity model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 223-247, February.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bhattacharyya, Anushree & Chakraborty, Debashis, 2010. "India’s Recent Infrastructure Development Initiatives: A Comparative Analysis of South and Southeast Asia," MPRA Paper 23030, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. A. Ganesh Kumar & Gordhan Kumar Saini, 2007. "Economic co-operation in South Asia: The Dilemma of SAFTA and beyond," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2007-017, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  3. Moinuddin, Mustafa, 2013. "Fulfilling the Promises of South Asian Integration: A Gravity Estimation," ADBI Working Papers, Asian Development Bank Institute 415, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  4. Parakrama Samaratunga & Kamal Marunagoda & Manoj Thibbotuwawa, 2007. "Mapping and analaysis of the South Asian agricultural trade liberalization efforts," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in: Studies in Trade and Investment - AGRICULTURAL TRADE - PLANTING THE SEEDS OF REGIONAL LIBERALIZATION IN ASIA, volume 60, pages 33-74 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).

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