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Welfare Gains From Financial Liberalization

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  • Kenichi Ueda
  • Robert M. Townsend

Abstract

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue as there is little empirical evidence for its positive effects on economic growth. However, we find sizable welfare gains, 1 to 28 percent of permanent consumption though, consistent with the literature, the gain in the economic growth is ambiguous, -0.2 to 0.7 percent. We apply a canonical growth model with endogenous financial deepening to Thailand, 1976-96. As effective bank transaction costs decline, more people take advantage of financial services. We estimate the gains by comparing model simulations under the historical episode of financial liberalization to those under a hypothetical continuation of financial repression.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 07/154.

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Length: 40
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:07/154

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Keywords: Economic growth; Financial sector; Financial systems; Economic models; financial liberalization; gdp growth; financial system; growth rate; growth rates; gdp growth rate; gdp growth rates; financial repression; financial services; business cycle; deposit rate; business cycles; bond; growth model; financial institutions; government bond; interest rate controls; financial intermediation; rapid economic growth; financial economics; government bonds; bond yields; financial markets; capital formation; bonds; deposit growth; discount rate; government bond yields; real gdp; financial assets; corporate bond; financial sector performance; domestic financial system; economic growth rate; financial sector development; international capital; total factor productivity; interest rate ceilings; net present value; present value; discounting; financial intermediaries; international capital mobility; gross domestic product; financial liberalizations; international financial statistics; cost of business cycles; domestic financial liberalization; per capita income; financial globalization; growth theories; deposit rates; cost of business cycle; bond market; corporate bond market; financial reform; moral hazard; nominal interest rate; financial dependence; financial contracts;

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References

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  1. King, Robert G. & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance and growth : Schumpeter might be right," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1083, The World Bank.
  2. Sergio L. Schmukler & Graciela Laura Kaminsky, 2003. "Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain," IMF Working Papers 03/34, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Ueda, Kenichi, 2013. "Banks as coordinators of economic growth and stability: Microfoundation for macroeconomy with externality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 148(1), pages 322-352.
  4. Beck, Thorsten & Levine, Ross & Loayza, Norman, 1999. "Finance and the sources of growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2057, The World Bank.
  5. Broner, Fernando A & Ventura, Jaume, 2006. "Globalization and Risk Sharing," CEPR Discussion Papers 5820, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Eric van Wincoop, 1998. "How big are potential welfare gains from international risksharing?," Staff Reports 37, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  7. Abdul Abiad & Nienke Oomes & Kenichi Ueda, 2004. "The Quality Effect," IMF Working Papers 04/112, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Hyeok Jeong & Robert M. Townsend, 2003. "Growth and Inequality: Model Evaluation Based on an Estimation-Calibration Strategy," IEPR Working Papers 05.10, Institute of Economic Policy Research (IEPR).
  9. Greenwood, Jeremy & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1990. "Financial Development, Growth, and the Distribution of Income," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 1076-1107, October.
  10. Jayaratne, Jith & Strahan, Philip E, 1996. "The Finance-Growth Nexus: Evidence from Bank Branch Deregulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(3), pages 639-70, August.
  11. Graciela Kaminsky & Sergio Schmukler, 2003. "Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain: The Effects of Financial Liberalization," NBER Working Papers 9787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Maurice Obstfeld., 1993. "Risk-Taking, Global Diversification, and Growth," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C93-016, University of California at Berkeley.
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  17. Fernando Alvarez & Urban J. Jermann, 2000. "Using Asset Prices to Measure the Cost of Business Cycles," NBER Working Papers 7978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Gine, Xavier & Townsend, Robert M., 2004. "Evaluation of financial liberalization: a general equilibrium model with constrained occupation choice," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 269-307, August.
  19. King, Robert G. & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance and growth : Schumpeter might be right," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1083, The World Bank.
  20. Geert Bekaert & Campbell R. Harvey & Christian Lundblad, 2004. "Does Financial Liberalization Spur Growth?," Working Paper Research 53, National Bank of Belgium.
  21. Oriana Bandiera & Gerard Caprio Jr. & Patrick Honohan & Fabio Schiantarelli, 1998. "Does Financial Reform Raise or Reduce Savings?," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 413, Boston College Department of Economics.
  22. Raghuram G. Rajan & Luigi Zingales, . "Financial Dependence and Growth," CRSP working papers 344, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
  23. Anne Epaulard & Aude Pommeret, 2003. "Recursive Utility, Endogenous Growth, and the Welfare Cost of Volatility," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(3), pages 672-684, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Alessandra Bonfiglioli, 2007. "Financial Integration, Productivity and Capital Accumulation," IEW - Working Papers 350, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  2. Juan Sanchez & Jeremy Greenwood & Harold Cole, 2012. "Why Doesn't Technology Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?," 2012 Meeting Papers 834, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Jeremy Greenwood & Juan M. Sanchez & Cheng Wang, 2012. "Quantifying the Impact of Financial Development on Economic Development," RCER Working Papers 572, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  4. Sonia Ruano & Robert M. Townsend & Jesus Saurina & Alexander Karaivanov, 2010. "No Bank, One Bank, Several Banks: Does It Matter for Investment?," 2010 Meeting Papers 669, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Ziv Chinzara & Radhika Lahiri, 2012. "Financial Intermediation and Costly Technology Adoption under Uncertainty: A Political Economy Perspective," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 295, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
  6. Kym Anderson, 2012. "Costing Global Trade Barriers, 1900 to 2050," Departmental Working Papers 2012-08, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
  7. Kenichi Ueda, 2008. "Life Expectancy and Income Convergence in the World," IMF Working Papers 08/158, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Sanchita Mukherjee & Rina Bhattacharya, 2011. "Inflation Targeting and Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanisms in Emerging Market Economies," IMF Working Papers 11/229, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Enrica Detragiache & Gianni De Nicoló & Senay Agca, 2007. "Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing," IMF Working Papers 07/186, International Monetary Fund.

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