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Mortality and Lifetime Income

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Author Info

  • John S. Greenlees
  • James E. Duggan
  • Robert Gillingham

Abstract

Studies of the empirical relationship between income and mortality often rely on data aggregated by geographic areas and broad population groups and do not distinguish disabled and nondisabled persons. We investigate the relationship between individual mortality and lifetime income with a large micro data base of current and former retired participants in the U. S. Social Security system. Logit models by gender and race confirm a negative relationship. Differences in age of death between low and high lifetime income are on the order of two to three years. Income-related mortality differences between blacks and whites are largest at low-income levels while gender differences appear to be large and persistent across income levels.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 07/15.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:07/15

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Related research

Keywords: Energy prices; Subsidies; Income; Economic models; life expectancy; lifetime earnings; birth; mortality rates; retirement; death rates; life expectancies; differential mortality; administrative records; earnings history; retirement age; marital status; population groups; mortality rate; official statistics; retirement annuities; retirement decisions; demography; human longevity; demographers; administrative record; individual accounts; normal retirement age; demographic information; improvements in life expectancy; individual account; age of retirement; longitudinal information; year of death; health care; population studies; older adult; determinants of mortality; benefit payments;

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References

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  1. Jeffrey R. Brown, 2000. "Differential Mortality and the Value of Individual Account Retirement Annuities," NBER Working Papers 7560, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Jeffrey B. Liebman, 2001. "Redistribution in the Current U.S. Social Security System," NBER Working Papers 8625, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Harriet Orcutt Duleep, 1986. "Measuring the Effect of Income on Adult Mortality Using Longitudinal Administrative Record Data," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(2), pages 238-251.
  4. O. Attanasio & H. W. Hoynes, . "Differential mortality and wealth accumulation," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1079-96, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
  5. James E. Duggan & Robert Gillingham & John S. Greenlees, 1993. "Returns Paid To Early Social Security Cohorts," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 11(4), pages 1-13, October.
  6. James E. Duggan & Christopher J. Soares, 2002. "Actuarial Nonequivalence in Early and Delayed Social Security Benefit Claims," Public Finance Review, , vol. 30(3), pages 188-207, May.
  7. Duggan, James E & Gillingham, Robert, 1999. "The Effect of Errors in the CPI on Social Security Finances," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 17(2), pages 161-69, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Julian Cristia, 2009. "Rising Mortality and Life Expectancy Differentials by Lifetime Earnings in the United States," Research Department Publications 4607, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00845490 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Mathieu Lefebvre & Pierre Pestieau & Grégory Ponthière, 2013. "FGT Poverty Measures and the Mortality Paradox: Theory and Evidence," PSE Working Papers halshs-00845490, HAL.
  4. Stefan Hupfeld, 2011. "Non-monotonicity in the longevity–income relationship," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 191-211, January.

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