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Gender and its Relevance to Macroeconomic Policy: A Survey


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  • Janet Gale Stotsky
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    This survey examines the implications of gender differences in economic behavior for macroeconomic policy. It finds that reducing gender inequality and improving the status of women may contribute to higher rates of economic growth and greater macroeconomic stability. Women''s relative lack of opportunities in developing countries inhibits economic growth, while, at the same time, economic growth leads to a reduction in their disadvantaged condition. Equality of opportunity in labor and financial markets is critical to enabling women to take full advantage of improved macroeconomic conditions. Macroeconomic policies should take into account the benefits of reducing gender inequalities, especially in the lowest-income countries where these differences are most pronounced, and should consider the potentially harsher short-term effects of economic austerity measures on women to avoid exacerbating gender inequalities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 06/233.

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    Length: 68
    Date of creation: 01 Oct 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:06/233

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    Postal: International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC USA
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    Keywords: Gender equality; Economic growth; Economic models; gender inequalities; gender differences; gender issues; gender inequality; health care; girls; fertility; female education; gender bias; status of women; subsistence agriculture; opportunities for women; risk-taking; child mortality; gender disparities; risk taking; gender gap; role of women; gender dimensions; female children; female workers; female labor; fertility rate; economic role of women; gender considerations; employment of women; mother; biological differences; maternal health; gender mainstreaming; employment opportunities for women; household income; birth; gender dimension; women in development; single women; discrimination against women; educational attainment; health services; barriers to women; participation of women; children per woman; gender analysis; female students; gender wage gaps; population growth; subsistence farming; female entrepreneurs; gender equity; gender mainstreaming strategy; gender assessments; family structure; child care; disproportionate effect on women; gender gaps; gender composition; total fertility rate; health status; economics of gender; discriminatory practices; unemployment among women; child health; feminist economics; births; female labor force participation; rights for women; access for women; research on gender differences; gender segregation; control of women; job opportunities for women; hiv/aids; lower fertility; women farmers; poor women; male bias; old age; childbearing; protection of women; cultural factors; gender-based violence; gender relations; female employees; child survival; ministry of women; health care access; gender development; gender discrimination; infant mortality; advancement of women; gender neutrality; gender disparity; women in government; gender implications; access of women; empowerment ? of women; gender distribution; gender impact; united nations development fund for women; unifem; gender specific; empowerment of women; country gender assessments; policy research report on gender; wage discrimination; equality of opportunity; birth weights; mothers; economic opportunities for women; female teachers; gender difference; maternal health care; gender budgeting; integration of gender; female employment; female labor force; family members; growth of women; gender awareness; health of men; child labor; educational gender gaps; unskilled workers; gender sensitization;

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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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    Cited by:
    1. Chicha, Marie-Thérèse, 2013. "Inégalités de genre et pratiques d'entreprise au Maroc," ILO Working Papers 482133, International Labour Organization.
    2. Stephan Klasen & Francesca Lamanna, 2008. "The Impact of Gender Inequality in Education and Employment on Economic Growth in Developing Countries: Updates and Extensions," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 175, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Stephanie Seguino, 2008. "Gender, Distribution, and Balance of Payments (revised 10/08)," Working Papers wp133_revised, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    4. Signe Krogstrup & Sébastien Wälti, 2011. "Women and Budget Deficits," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 113(3), pages 712-728, 09.
    5. Pickbourn, Lynda & Ndikumana, Leonce, 2013. "Impact of sectoral allocation of foreign aid on gender equity and human development," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Lynda Pickbourn & Léonce Ndikumana, 2013. "Impact of Sectoral Allocation of Foreign Aid on Gender Equity and Human Development," Published Studies unu_pickbourn_ndikumana, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    7. World Bank, 2010. "Malawi - Country Economic Memorandum : Seizing Opportunities for Growth through Regional Integration and Trade - Summary of Main Finding and Recommendations," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2954, The World Bank.


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