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Hiv/Aids

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Author Info

  • Markus Haacker
  • Gonzalo Salinas

Abstract

Using available data on the distribution of HIV/AIDS prevalence across population groups for four sub-Saharan African countries and transposing this information to household income and expenditure surveys, we simulate the impact of HIV/AIDS on poverty and inequality. We find that the epidemic lowers average income and increases poverty, and that the jump in poverty is larger than expected from the fall in average income. This disproportionate increase in poverty reflects the large share of the population living on the threshold of poverty and the higher HIV prevalence rates in those segments of the population.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 06/126.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: 01 May 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:06/126

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Related research

Keywords: Income distribution; Poverty; Economic growth; Health care; hiv/aids; hiv; aids; unaids; prevalence rate; life expectancy; morbidity and mortality; hiv testing; aids epidemic; hiv positive; maternal health; aids victims; public health; health surveys; hiv infections; orphan; aids mortality; aids deaths; adult population; low prevalence; global aids epidemic; age groups; aids orphans; life expectancies; vulnerable children;

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References

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  1. Aart Kraay, 2004. "When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence," IMF Working Papers 04/47, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Markus Haacker, 2002. "The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa," IMF Working Papers 02/38, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Clive Bell & Shantayanan Devarajan & Hans Gersbach, 2003. "The long-run economic costs of AIDS : theory and an application to South Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3152, The World Bank.
  4. R Greener & K Jefferis & H Siphambe, 2000. "The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Poverty and Inequality in Botswana," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 68(5), pages 393-404, December.
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Cited by:
  1. José Cuesta, 2008. "Does a Mature AIDS Epidemic Threaten Growth?," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4567, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. José Cuesta, 2008. "¿Una epidemia de SIDA en su etapa madura es una amenaza para el crecimiento?," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4568, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.

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