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The Rise of U.S. Antidumping Activity in Historical Perspective

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  • Douglas A. Irwin

Abstract

Empirical studies of antidumping activity focus almost exclusively on the period since 1980. This paper puts recent U.S. antidumping experience in historical context by studying the determinants of annual case filings over the past half century. The conventional view that few antidumping cases existed prior to 1980 is not correct, although most did not result in the imposition of duties. The increased number of cases in recent decades largely reflects petitions that target multiple source countries; the number of imported products involved has actually fallen since the mid 1980s. The annual number of antidumping cases is influenced by the unemployment rate, the exchange rate, import penetration (closely related to the decline in average tariffs), and changes in the antidumping law and enforcement in the early 1980s.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 05/31.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/31

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Keywords: Antidumping; antidumping cases; international trade; antidumping policy; import penetration; antidumping duties; unemployment rate; antidumping filings; international trade commission; antidumping petitions; average tariff; average tariffs; antidumping measures; import-competing firms; domestic industry; import duties; exchange rates; trade laws; fair trade; foreign exchange; import competition; import prices; trade agreements; antidumping laws; domestic producers; trade barriers; trade diversion; tariff rates; antidumping legislation; domestic firms; price discrimination; trade liberalization; political economy; price supports; multilateral trade; trade unit; multilateral trade negotiations; antidumping process; import duty; antidumping procedures; commercial policies; exchange rate movements; predatory pricing; antidumping code; domestic industries; international financial statistics; uruguay round; imported goods; international financial; protection measures; antidumping actions; multilateral negotiations; reciprocal trade agreements; trade law; trade negotiations;

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References

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  1. Bruce A. Blonigen, 2002. "Evolving Discretionary Practices of U.S. Antidumping Activity," University of Oregon Economics Department Working Papers 2003-20, University of Oregon Economics Department, revised 01 Aug 2003.
  2. Michael P. Leidy, 1997. "Macroeconomic Conditions and Pressures for Protection under Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Laws: Empirical Evidence from the United States," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(1), pages 132-144, March.
  3. Ronald D. Fischer & Thomas J. Prusa, 2003. "WTO Exceptions as Insurance," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(5), pages 745-757, November.
  4. Michael M. Knetter & Thomas J. Prusa, 2000. "Macroeconomic Factors and Antidumping Filings: Evidence from Four Countries," NBER Working Papers 8010, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Hansen, Wendy L & Prusa, Thomas J, 1996. "Cumulation and ITC Decision-Making: The Sum of the Parts Is Greater Than the Whole," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 34(4), pages 746-69, October.
  6. Finger, J. Michael, 1991. "The origins and evolution of antidumping regulation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 783, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Chad Bown & Meredith Crowley, 2011. "Import protection, business cycles, and exchange rates: evidence from the Great Recession," Working Paper Series WP-2011-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  2. James Rude & Jean-Philippe Gervais, 2009. "Biases in Calculating Dumping Margins: The Case of Cyclical Products," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 31(1), pages 122-142.
  3. Alessandro Nicita, 2013. "Exchange rates, international trade and trade policies," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 135-136, pages 47-61.
  4. Bown, Chad P., 2009. "The global resort to antidumping, safeguards, and other trade remedies amidst the economic crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5051, The World Bank.
  5. Durling, James P. & Prusa, Thomas J., 2006. "The trade effects associated with an antidumping epidemic: The hot-rolled steel market, 1996-2001," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 675-695, September.
  6. Morris E. Morkre & Dean Spinanger & Lien H. Tran, 2008. "Are Unfair Import Laws Unfair to Developing Countries: Evidence from U.S. Antidumping Actions 1990-2004," Kiel Working Papers 1438, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  7. Prusa, T.J., 2013. "The Great Recession and Import Protection: A Look Back at the U.S. Experience," Commissioned Papers 146656, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
  8. Jozef Konings & Hylke Vandenbussche, 2013. "Antidumping protection hurts exporters: firm-level evidence," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 149(2), pages 295-320, June.
  9. Georgiadis, Georgios & Gräb, Johannes, 2013. "Growth, real exchange rates and trade protectionism since the financial crisis," Working Paper Series 1618, European Central Bank.

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