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Macroeconomic Determinants of Remittances

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  • Poonam Gupta

Abstract

Remittances to India have been growing rapidly since 1991, making it one of the largest recipients of remittances. This paper analyzes the determinants of remittances to India and finds that their growth over time can be explained by the increase in migration and total earnings of the migrants. Remittances are also affected by the economic environment in source countries, and appear to be countercyclical-that is, higher during periods of low economic growth in India. None of the remaining economic or political variables considered in the paper, including political uncertainty, interest rates, or exchange rate depreciation, are found to affect remittances significantly.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 05/224.

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Length: 21
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/224

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Keywords: Workers remittances; remittances; oil prices; migration; balance of payments; determinants of remittances; remittances data; migrant; recipients of remittances; current account balance; growth of remittances; remittance; increase in remittances; annual remittances; flows of remittances; capital flows; political economy; effect of remittances; remittance flows; economic outcomes; money transfer; flow of remittances; effects of remittances; use of remittances; domestic economy; remittances flows; remittance receipts; migrant remittances; current account deficit; remittances transfers; remittances for investment; impact of remittances; oil-producing countries; open economy; measurement of remittances; brain drain; immigrant remittance; money transfers;

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References

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  1. Lucas, Robert E B & Stark, Oded, 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 901-18, October.
  2. Ralph Chami & Connel Fullenkamp & Samir Jahjah, 2005. "Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 52(1), pages 55-81, April.
  3. Poonam Gupta & James P. F. Gordon, 2003. "Portfolio Flows Into India," IMF Working Papers 03/20, International Monetary Fund.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Aysit Tansel & Pinar Yasar, 2010. "Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances on Output Growth: Evidence From Turkey," Working Papers 2010/12, Turkish Economic Association.
  2. Sule Akkoyunlu, 2010. "Are Turkish migrants altruistic? Evidence from the macro data," KOF Working papers 10-246, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  3. Schellenberg, Grant & Houle, Rene, 2008. "Remittance Behaviours Among Recent Immigrants in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2008312e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  4. World Bank, 2012. "Bangladesh - Towards Accelerated, Inclusive and Sustainable Growth : Opportunities and Challenges, Volume 2. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12121, The World Bank.
  5. Deodat E. Adenutsi & Meshach J. Aziakpono & Matthew K. Ocran, 2011. "The Changing Impact Of Macroeconomic Environment On Remittance Inflows In Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Academic Research in Economics, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Accounting and Financial Management Constanta, vol. 3(2 (July)), pages 136-167.
  6. Mahalia JACKMAN, 2014. "Investigating the Business Cycle Properties of Remittances to the Caribbean," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(1), pages 87-100.
  7. Michael T. Gapen & Thomas F. Cosimano & Ralph Chami, 2006. "Beware of Emigrants Bearing Gifts," IMF Working Papers 06/61, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Miguel D. Ramirez & Hari Sharma, 2009. "Remittances and Growth in Latin America: A Panel Unit Root and Panel Cointegration Analysis," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(1).
  9. Erik Lueth & Marta Ruiz-Arranz, 2006. "A Gravity Model of Workers' Remittances," IMF Working Papers 06/290, International Monetary Fund.
  10. Rémi Generoso, 2012. "Transferts de fonds et résilience des pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest face à la variabilité des précipitations : une perspective macroéconomique," Working Papers hal-00830021, HAL.
  11. International Monetary Fund, 2006. "Determinants of Emigrant Deposits in Cape Verde," IMF Working Papers 06/132, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Neagu , Ileana C. & Schiff, Maurice, 2009. "Remittance stability, cyclicality and stabilizing impact in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5077, The World Bank.
  13. Marta Ruiz-Arranz & Erik Lueth, 2007. "Are Workers' Remittances a Hedge Against Macroeconomic Shocks? the Case of Sri Lanka," IMF Working Papers 07/22, International Monetary Fund.
  14. Barua, Shubhasish & Majumder, Md. Alauddin & Akhtaruzzaman, Dr. Md., 2007. "Determinants of Workers’ Remittances in Bangladesh: An Empirical Study," MPRA Paper 15080, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  15. Rupayan Gupta & S. Aaron Hegde, 2009. "An Exploratory Study of Financial Remittances Among Non-Resident Indians in the United States," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 30(2), pages 184-192, June.

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