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Who Controls the Budget


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  • Ian Lienert
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    Country-specific factors prevent a strong linear relationship between the legislature''s budgetary powers and the extent of its separation from the executive. Electoral and voting systems, bicameralism, constitutional and legal constraints, voluntary contracts of political parties, and long-standing traditions all influence the relative budgetary powers of executives and legislatures. Differences in the legislature''s budgetary authority in twenty-eight countries with five different forms of government are examined. It is concluded that differences in budgetary powers within a particular form of government are as great as those between different forms of government.

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    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 05/115.

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    Length: 26
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/115

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    Keywords: Budgets; Budgetary policy; annual budget; budget law; fiscal rules; budget systems; budget authority; budgetary authority; fiscal policy; budget process; fiscal discipline; budget office; budget execution; budgetary control; budget deficits; fiscal performance; budgetary power; budget committee; fiscal strategy; budget approval; budgetary policies; budgetary process; budget year; budget system; budget discussion; public finance; budget framework; national budget; central budget; budgetary rules; annual budgets; fiscal deficits; budget management; budget strategy; budget proposals; budget deficit; medium-term budget; central government budget; state budget; government budget process; budget practices; fiscal outlook; budget balance; budget aggregates; organic budget law; external audit; medium-term budget framework; budget outcome; budgetary information; medium-term fiscal strategy; fiscal prudence; fiscal policies; fiscal surplus; fiscal affairs department; treasury systems; budget legislation; fiscal positions; budget control; budgetary decisions; central budget office; budget policies; public spending; annual budget cycle; reducing fiscal deficits; public expenditure; government fiscal policies; fiscal deficit; taxation; expenditure programs; government spending; government budget; fiscal affairs; budget cycle; budgetary procedures; budget bill; financial management; government expenditures; department of finance; budget resolution; medium-term budget strategy; budget policy; budget information; budget proposal;

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    1. Meyer, Steven A & Naka, Shigeto, 1998. " Legislative Influences in Japanese Budgetary Politics," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 94(3-4), pages 267-88, March.
    2. Luc E. Leruth & Dominique Bouley & J. Fournel, 2002. "How Do Treasury Systems Operate in Sub-Saharan Francophone Africa?," IMF Working Papers 02/58, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Ian Lienert, 2003. "A Comparison Between Two Public Expenditure Management Systems in Africa," IMF Working Papers 03/2, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Ian Lienert, 2003. "A Comparison Between Two Public Expenditure Management Systems in Africa," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 3(3), pages 35-66.
    5. George Kopits & Steven A. Symansky, 1998. "Fiscal Policy Rules," IMF Occasional Papers 162, International Monetary Fund.
    6. W. Krafchik & J. Wehner, 1998. "The Role of Parliament in the Budgetary Process," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 66(4), pages 242-255, December.
    7. Steven Meyer & Shigeto Naka, 1998. "Legislative influences in Japanese budgetary politics," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 94(3), pages 267-288, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Barry Eichengreen, 2007. "The Breakup of the Euro Area," NBER Working Papers 13393, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Ian Lienert, 2007. "British Influenceon Commonwealth Budget Systems," IMF Working Papers 07/78, International Monetary Fund.
    3. World Bank, 2008. "Costa Rica - Public Expenditure Review : Enhancing the Efficiency of Expenditures," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8122, The World Bank.
    4. Hallerberg, Mark & Wolff, Guntram B., 2006. "Fiscal institutions, fiscal policy and sovereign risk premia," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2006,35, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.


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