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A New Taxonomy of Monetary Regimes

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Author Info

  • Ashok Bhundia
  • Mark R. Stone

Abstract

This paper proposes a new taxonomy of monetary regimes defined by the choice and clarity of the nominal anchor. The regimes are as follows: (i) monetary nonautonomy, (ii) weak anchor, (iii) money anchor, (iv) exchange rate peg, (v) full-fledged inflation targeting, (vi) implicit price stability anchor, and (vii) inflation targeting lite. This taxonomy captures the commitment-discretion tradeoffs that lie at the heart of choosing a monetary regime. During the last 15 years the world has moved toward monetary regimes with less discretion. Empirical analysis suggests that country regime choices reflect the level of financial and economic development and recent inflation history.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 04/191.

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Length: 43
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:04/191

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Related research

Keywords: Monetary systems; Exchange rate regimes; inflation; monetary policy; inflation targeting; price stability; monetary regimes; monetary regime; monetary fund; central bank; inflation target; monetary nonautonomy; financial stability; terms of trade; monetary autonomy; monetary aggregate; monetary target; inflation rates; inflation objective; low inflation; inflation rate; high inflation; monetary policy regimes; foreign currency; monetary policy regime; nominal interest rate; inflation targeting regime; monetary policy frameworks; monetary economics; monetary instability; monetary anchor; average inflation; monetary policy implementation; monetary anchor countries; monetary stability; rate of inflation; inflation performance; monetary frameworks; monetary policy strategies; country monetary regimes; high inflation episodes; european monetary union; transitional monetary regime; foreign exchange; monetary regime choices; monetary policy operations; lower inflation; effects of inflation; monetary targeting; monetary policies; monetary instruments; macroeconomic analysis; monetary transparency; monetary policy framework; high rates of inflation; monetary anchors; monetary objective; autonomous monetary regimes; monetary regime indicators; value of money; monetary policy transparency; monetary aggregate target; real exchange rates; actual inflation; monetary union; monetary authorities; money demand; monetary framework; inclusive monetary regimes; monetary transmission; monetary objectives; extremely high rates of inflation; monetary policy rules; autonomous monetary policy; monetary anchor regime; terms of trade shocks; rates of inflation; independent monetary policy; lite monetary regime; monetary regime choice; inflation targeting framework;

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References

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  1. Carare, Alina & Stone, Mark R., 2006. "Inflation targeting regimes," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1297-1315, July.
  2. Mark R. Stone, 2003. "Inflation Targeting Lite," IMF Working Papers 03/12, International Monetary Fund.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Carlos A. Carrasco & Jesus Ferreiro, 2013. "Inflation targeting in Mexico," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 35(3), pages 341-372, April.
  2. Kotaro Ishi & Kenji Fujita & Mark R. Stone, 2011. "Should Unconventional Balance Sheet Policies Be Added to the Central Bank toolkit? a Review of the Experience so Far," IMF Working Papers 11/145, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Mihov, Ilian & Rose, Andrew K, 2007. "Is Old Money Better than New? Duration and Monetary Regimes," CEPR Discussion Papers 6529, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Martín Redrado & Jorge Carrera & Diego Bastourre & Javier Ibarlucia (ed.), 2006. "The Economic Policy of Foreign Reserve Accumulation: New International Evidence," BCRA Paper Series, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, number 02, June.
  5. Kim, Soyoung & Yang, Doo Yong, 2009. "International Monetary Transmission and Exchange Rate Regimes: Floaters vs. Non-Floaters," ADBI Working Papers 181, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  6. Carlos A. Carrasco & Jesús Ferreiro, 2011. "Inflation Targeting and Economic Performance: The Case of Mexico," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 58(5), pages 675-692, December.
  7. Mark R. Stone & Etienne B. Yehoue & Kotaro Ishi, 2009. "Unconventional Central Bank Measures for Emerging Economies," IMF Working Papers 09/226, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Kovács, Mihály András, 2007. "Mit csinál a monetáris politika az inflációs célkövetés rendszerében?. Észrevételek Erdős Tibor Árfolyam-politika és inflációs célkövetés Magyarországon című írásához
    [What
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1103-1120.
  9. Horacio Aguirre & Tamara Burdisso, 2008. "Dangerous Liaisons? An Empirical Assessment of Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes," BCRA Working Paper Series 200839, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
  10. Pablo Mendieta Ossio & Hugo Rodriguez Gonzales, 2005. "Interacción de la política fiscal con la política monetaria en el MERCOSUR y países asociados," Revista de Análisis del BCB, Banco Central de Bolivia, vol. 8(1), pages 49-97, December.
  11. Douglas Laxton & Andrew Berg & Philippe D Karam, 2006. "A Practical Model-Based Approach to Monetary Policy Analysis: Overview," IMF Working Papers 06/80, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Chung, Jaesik & Jung, Yongseung & Yang, Doo Yong, 2007. "Optimal monetary policy in a small open economy: The case of Korea," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 125-143, February.
  13. Martín Redrado & Jorge Carrera & Diego Bastourre & Javier Ibarlucia, 2006. "The Economic Policy of Foreign Reserve Accumulation: New International Evidence," BCRA Working Paper Series 200614, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
  14. Pavasuthipaisit, Robert, 2010. "Should inflation-targeting central banks respond to exchange rate movements?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 460-485, April.
  15. Kim, Soyoung & Yang, Doo Yong, 2012. "International monetary transmission in East Asia: Floaters, non-floaters, and capital controls," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 305-316.
  16. Morgan, Peter J., 2013. "Monetary Policy Frameworks in Asia: Experience, Lessons, and Issues," ADBI Working Papers 435, Asian Development Bank Institute.

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