Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

The End of Textiles Quotas

Contents:

Author Info

  • Montfort Mlachila
  • Yongzheng Yang
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    This paper evaluates the effects on the Bangladeshi economy of phasing out textile and clothing (T&C) quotas currently maintained by industrial countries. The planned abolition of the quotas under the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing in 2005 will alter the competitiveness of various exporting countries. Bangladesh relies heavily on textile and clothing exports and is potentially very vulnerable to this change in competitiveness. Based on assessments of quota restrictiveness and export similarity, and an analysis of its supply constraints, the paper concludes that Bangladesh could face significant pressure on its balance of payments, output, and employment when the quotas are eliminated.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=17459
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 04/108.

    as in new window
    Length: 38
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:04/108

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC USA
    Phone: (202) 623-7000
    Fax: (202) 623-4661
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.imf.org/external/pubind.htm
    More information through EDIRC

    Order Information:
    Web: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/pubs/ord_info.htm

    Related research

    Keywords: Quotas; Import quotas; Multifiber Arrangements; World Trade Organization; Access limits; Export competitiveness; exporters; exporting countries; export performance; clothing exports; total exports; international trade; trade liberalization; export markets; export sector; export tax; export quotas; export value; global trade; balance of payments; country of origin; merchandise exports; export cargo; global trade analysis; value of exports; quota rents; export tax equivalents; export promotion; duty-free access; export expansion; domestic investment; elasticity of substitution; export values; imported inputs; textile imports; rules of origin; quota-free access; exporting country; export growth; export diversification; export prices; developing country exports; importing country; world market; export development; trade preferences; trade policies; export costs; export volume; export market; domestic industry; equilibrium model; world trade; trade facilitation; import tariffs; global exports; domestic producers; export sales; export success; tariff rates; export supply; increasing competition; environmental standards; transition period; aggregate exports; preferential treatment; export-oriented industries; world prices; import price; export industry; trade barriers; unemployment rate; constant elasticity of substitution; increased exports; labor-intensive exports; countries ? exports; export competition; trade expansion; trade surplus; importing countries; duty-free treatment; domestic industries; domestic goods; round agreement; factor price; quantitative restrictions; intensive exports; average tariff; multinational companies; competitive position; developing country exporters; adjustment process; unit labor costs; terms of trade; trade policy review; preferential access; trade-weighted average; tariff equivalent; factor markets; apparel trade; dynamic effects; domestic suppliers; country exporters; world demand; trade union; exporting developing countries; grey market; exporter; imports of textiles; preferential trade agreements; import duties; global market; export production; terms of trade effects; trade agreements; export losses; trade values; competitive advantage; prices of exports; duty drawbacks; unskilled labor; preferential trade; trade patterns; export drive; trading activities; rapid export growth;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Krishna, Kala & Erzan, Refik & Tan, Ling Hui, 1994. "Rent Sharing in the Multi-fibre Arrangement: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Apparel Imports from Hong Kong," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(1), pages 62-73, February.
    2. W. Jill Harrison & K.R. Pearson, 1994. "Computing Solutions for Large General Equilibrium Models Using GEMPACK," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers ip-64, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    3. Gereffi, Gary, 1999. "International trade and industrial upgrading in the apparel commodity chain," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 37-70, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Walkenhorst, Peter & Malouche, Mariem, 2006. "Trade Policy and Export Performance in Morocco," MPRA Paper 23119, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Francois, Joseph & Woerz, Julia, 2009. "Non-linear panel estimation of import quotas: The evolution of quota premiums under the ATC," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 181-191, July.
    3. Mustafizur Rahman & Asif Anwar, 2006. "Bangladesh Apparels Export to the US Market - An Examination of Her Competitiveness vis-à-vis China," Trade Working Papers 22295, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    4. Jörg MAYER, 2004. "Not Totally Naked: Textiles And Clothing Trade In A Quota Free Environment," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 176, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    5. Iimi, Atsushi, 2007. "Infrastructure and trade preferences for the livestock sector : empirical evidence from the beef industry in Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4201, The World Bank.
    6. Nabil Annabi & H. Khondker Bazlul & Selim Raihan & John Cockburn & Bernard Decaluwe, 2005. "Implications of WTO Agreements and Domestic Trade Policy Reforms for Poverty in Bangladesh: Short vs. Long Run," Working Papers MPIA 2005-02, PEP-MPIA.
    7. Jean-Jacques Hallaert, 2007. "Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTAon the Republic of Madagascar," IMF Working Papers 07/66, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Jean-Raphael Chaponniere & Jean-Pierre Cling & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2004. "Les conséquences pour les pays en développement de la suppression des quotas dans le textile habillement : le cas de la Tunisie," Working Papers DT/2004/16, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation), revised Dec 2004.
    9. Ahmed, Nazneen & Peerlings, Jack H.M., 2009. "Addressing Workers' Rights in the Textile and Apparel Industries: Consequences for the Bangladesh Economy," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 661-675, March.
    10. Sonali Jain-Chandra & A. Prasad, 2005. "The Impacton India of Trade Liberalization in the Textiles and Clothing Sector," IMF Working Papers 05/214, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Sak Sambath & Ryuta Ray Kato, 2009. "Future Prospects of the Garment Industry of Cambodia," Working Papers EMS_2009_12, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    12. World Bank, 2006. "Fostering Higher Growth and Employment in the Kingdom of Morocco," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7114, October.
    13. Quader, Syed Manzur, 2004. "Floating Exchange Rate Regime," MPRA Paper 26163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Delpeuch, Claire, 2007. "EU and US safeguards against Chinese textile exports: What consequences for West African cotton-producing countries?," MPRA Paper 2319, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Khondker, Bazlul H. & Raihan, Selim, 2004. "Welfare and Poverty Impacts of Policy Reforms in Bangladesh: A General Equilibrium Approach," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30588, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).
    16. Ahmed, Faisal Z. & Greenleaf, Anne & Sacks, Audrey, 2014. "The Paradox of Export Growth in Areas of Weak Governance: The Case of the Ready Made Garment Sector in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 258-271.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:04/108. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jim Beardow) or (Hassan Zaidi).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.